BATAK land and nation
Land of God and Goddes .
I am the writer is Batak girl, original, was born from clan Raja
Silahisabungan , reigned in Silalahi Nabolak , Paropo, Dairi, North
Sumatera, and from my ancestor Tambun Raja I am the 19th generation in
our genealogy, my grandparents live in tano golat Tambunan. Baruara,
Balige, Tobasa, North Sumatera.
.Batak land located in the highland of Northern Sumatera , the largest indigenous group in Indonesia .
Batak people divide them self according to influenced they got
from out siders or the new comer who lived with them thus produce new
dialect and some mixing language and tradition from its own main source
also because they didn't like the main source which is too complicated
for them who already live almost blended to new or modernity but doesnn't want to leave the main culture. The main source of
Batak and the pure now is in Toba ( Sarulla, Pahae, Silindung, Tarutung
, Humbang , Balige , Samosir till Parapat ) then called Batak Toba .
They are divided them self are Karo ( got influenced of India
Tamil ) , Angkola ( got influenced of moslem Arab but still traditional
) , Mandailing ( got influenced of moslem Monjo ( moslem from Padang )
and less traditional thus
the Batak Toba called them dalle ), Pak-pak ( got influence
from India ) ,Simalungun ( got influenced from almost all part of those
Bataks because population are meeting of all of the Batak Toba, Karo,
Angkola and Mandailing ) . Tanah Deli ( around Medan ) is place of
Batak who already got influence
from all of nations in this world because living on the coastal of
Sumatera ( Malaka ) and most are moslem , traditional in modern way ,
Deli/Doli means handsome .
Foto Tor-tor sipitu sawan ( 7 bowls dancing from Batak land ) by permitted.
( Producer,Photgrapher and Coregrapher by Rismon Sirait,phone
:08126339600 at Sanggar Budaya Lusido, Ajibata, ) visit
the past according to the book of the
Portuguese Fernando Mendez Pinto in 1539 ; 'The voyages and Adventures of Fernando Mendez Pinto' was all
the archipelagos around Sumatera ,Borneo ,Sulawesi (Celebes) till Luzon ( now Filipine) . This book is kept
in Cornell University , America but the American arkeologs never talked about
this when they talk about Batak even the orietalist from year of 1800 till now like Jane Drakard, Wilfred H. Schoff, William Marsden, Antony Reidd, etc who like to wrote
about the Bataks never talk about this or doesn't know about this ? . International media also
never talk about this when they dicus about Batak ,they always talking about Batak
cannnibalism,primitif, so weird,isn't it? A
professor from Japan already had done a research and found no evidence
about those cannibalism but why they don't google it to update their
information ? Even a fast updated information media like National
Geographic who talk about it and I gave them those link about Japan
proffessor research they still keep not updated the information of
their topic, isn't it weird? From the war/colonialism era till peace
era like now why people keep discuss an old case/story/issue that
already proven not true? What is their mission? In this peace moment
why we keep irritate feeling of a tribe or a nation? According
to Professor Midian Sirait , founder of YP Taruna , Huta Tinggi ,
Balige , Batak
land was Batak nation before Sriwijaya naval kingdom came to attacked ,
also my great-great parents always talked about bangso Batak ( Batak
Nation ) and in old song the singer say : " bangso Batak namartua
namarsahala ' means ' Batak Nation the holy and has super natural power
from God ' .
Nation has had its own languange , script , number , law ,
calendar similar to Christian calendar , zodiac, coin money called 'Sitio Suara ' ,
tools ( artefacts ) , ulos Batak ( traditional woven/textile ) , stemp , traded
with people from many nations from afar like Pharaoh , Marcopolo , etc , the international seaport was Barus , Sibolga .
The ancient folded book of Batak also found in Amerika in Maya Yucatan era
around 3000-1500 BC brought by the Batak sailor to America according to
book of 'Jaime Errazuriz' by Michael Coe and 'Paper Route' by Dr. Paul
Tolstoy published in Natural History 6/91.
According to the genealogy Batak book we had many kingdoms
generation by generation
, even far before Sriwijaya kingdom
reigned this archipelago and some the same era with , but as I
said , less evidence left because burnt during the war . If there are , the evidences are very sacred
so not for showing to public because very danger but we can show you
the fotos of them . Also because during the past the archeolog who
found evidence like inscriptions or temple always said it written
in Sanskrit script so they thought all of the
part of archipelago was under India influence , was it
because they had wrong identified or some body had changed the statues/scripts , or because the script
as many evidence has lost too?
The archeolog who get close to my hope
Louis-Charles. 1962a. “Études
soumatranaises. I. La date de
de Hujung Langit”, BEFEO
50.2: 275–288. [Indonesian translation
in Damais 1995: 27–45.] Damais,
Louis-Charles. 1962b. “Études
soumatranaises. II. L’inscription de Ulu Bәlu (Soumatra méridional)”,
Damais said in the trans sumatera trade
and batak etniciztion :’ The inscription of Hujung Langit
in Lampung, still unpublished, was initially considered
to have been written in Old Javanese, but Louis-Charles Damais later showed (1962a) that it is written in Old Malay. One
or two short inscriptions from Padang Lawas, in North
Sumatra, have been misidentified as being in Old Javanese. On this
misidentiication,see Grifiths Forthcoming b.’
Many experts ( archeolog , etnologist, orientalist writer ) already
researched about Batak land but no one of them is completely meet our
Habatahon ( culture, belief, law, governance, calendar, zodiac,
farming, tradition, cosmology, languange and script ) as Antony Reidd , archeolog
said 'Batak history is mistery' , the other orientalist
said Batak religion is Hindu just because there are few language
similar with Sanskrit then if similar so they have right to say our
ancestor religion was Hindu and from Hindustan? Who imitated and who being imitated ?
Maybe the peple in India who imitated our language due to Barus was a
big international seaport where many traders came to buy kapur Barus (
champor), benzoin, spices, gold, coffee, etc.
Well, yes there are temples supposed to be Hindu and Buddha around
Padang Lawas, Mandailing ( candi Portibi ) but doesn't mean our
ancestor were Hindu or Budha too, only shown how democratic and
hospitality our ancestor to other religion but my ancestor said it is
built by Batak man candi Portibi means world temple, but as I told
before no original evidence more left there, it has been being changed
According to Prof. JW Sijabat in Barus also found a Nestorian church circa century 5th-6th.
most tickling is like archeolog Arlo Griffith from Nederland and others
when they came to
research about Batak why they brought the archeolog from Java who never
lived in Sumatera or even Batak land ? Why not a Batak man? How
they know about Batak if they are not Batak, never live in Batak land?
they published book about Batak without asking opinion as the source
of book .Why
they don't ask if there is
some body or archeolog/expert or the oldest people from Batak land who
knows about Batak land and Habatahon? Who knows the Batak most , the
Bataks or other people? That is why they don't find
information and a few story is not true and hurt our feeling as Batak
people . Most of their sources are taken from period of the
colonization which were written for political purposes of the colonist
Why not easy to find literatures/script/artefact about Batak ?
great ruin from Paderi war then after new religions influencing during
the Dutch colonization ( century 20th in order to gain the followers to
new religion Christianity in
Batak land there was rumor that our religion : Batak religion was
idol ('Sipele Begu') , all the manuscript and artefact claim as
idol an kafir then
must be burnt.
They forced the Batak people to convert to
Christian, I said forced because if religion not muslim or
means no job till now and no ritual ceremony which is held with
traditional woven,music and dancing even till many
years after independent day , now the youth campaign to bring back traditional music
and dancing to church and other formal occasion .
Some peple who keep strong Batak belief keep manuscripts and sacerd weapons.of Batak
secretly so till now they keep the manuscripts and learn it by parents to son secretly only for family
Batak people keep strong relationship with spirit of ancestor to gain sahala and tondi blessing and also
because we afraid some body who knows about it will steal and burn it, they show us
the manuscripts and artefact only by foto.
But if they believe we are the real friend they will show us the
manuscripts and sacred weapons , some manuscript and sacred weapons are
unite with their body
So, we are look alike a nation without history because less evidence .
Batak calendar and astrology.
If Batak person doesn't know how to see Batak calendar and astrology usually they ask the Datu if they plan to do something or to arrange something, if they want to hold party , . According
to DR. Sudung Parlindungan Lumbantobing researched almost through all
tribes of Batak that the date usually determined by the parents of bride
or 'the hasuhuton' ( host/who run the party ). The system is like this:
Months are :
Sipaha dua= Mei
To see calendar whenever we plan
to do something is called 'maniti ari' like to start growing
, plants to
build a house, to open a new village and if plan to do a private fiest,
to travel,etc then must see
your birth date and day:
1. For example on Sunday there is sign
of head and tweezers of scorpion, means big lost, even only
the tail and belly, and if
there is sign of big full zero, avoid to do marriage party .
2. sign of xo is good for doing financial business, like to receive or to lend money .
3. sign of H or 1 means 'Simonggalonggal' , avoid to enter new house or filled by the new dweller .
4. sign of x means of fishing, good for
ritual of blessing some body with fish 'mangupaupa' , sign of two
5. oo means of fruit 'ari parbue', good for
starting to grow .
6 .sign of standing hook with 2 pointed and overturned V means avoid to do regular duty,
cos supposed to bring lost.
7. sign of overturned scorpion : and the head
of scorpion is horizontal 'hala sungsang' means not good .
8. sign of scorpion to the north means sun
set, 'partilaha' , the death day, sign of voice
trembling/vibtration is also avoided
means many contraoposisition, oppose, unfair.
9. sign of small o is called ari na ualu
or the eighth day, if hold party this day a wife will die, or a
husband will die .
10. Sign of XI is called 'Ari Pangueuge' means not so good day for party but good for hunting
black box means neutral day, means depend on good or bad the willing of man .Source : Edberd Sihombing Lumban Toruan
year is called sada between March and April, end of year is called
hurung between February and March , every month is
30 or 28 days .
First day is Artia and the last day is ringkar (cirle) , every seven
day there isrecurrencing of
Artia. First day of antiani water the
eighth day , tula day of the fiftienth and
antian ni anggara the
twentieth day. So the Samisara the seventh, Samisara purnama, the
Samisara Mora down, the twenty first day, Samisara
the twenty eighth day, so the conclusion
that every seven day month ,
there is changing in rotation. Day of Batak is depending on moon
rotation.Adjusting of of month
and the first place of astronomy
so there is additional day namely hari
hurung the twenty nineth day day
and Ringkar the thirtieth day of BatakToba to know about time .
According to rotation of sun, Batak people knows how to
say a day or night is between the sun shine and sun set are called
arian or siang. Between the sun set and sun shine is called night or
Batak time are :
1. Binsar mata ni ari : around 6 am
2. Pangului : around 7 am
3. Turba : around 8 am
4. Pangguit raja : around 9 am
5. Sagang ari : around 10 am
6. Huma na hos : 11 am
7. Hos atau tonga ari : 12 pm, man can not be out side on this time .
8. Guling : 1 pm
9. Guling dao : 2 pm
10. Tolu gala : 3 pm
11. Dua sagala : 4 pm
12. Sagala : 5 pm
13. Sundut atau mate mataniari : 6 pm
14. Samon : 7 pm
15. Hatiha mangan : 8 pm
16. Tungkap hudon : 9 pm
17. Sampe modom : 10 pm
18. Sampe modom na bagas : 11 pm
19. Tonga borngin : 12 pm
20. Haroro ni panangko : 1 am
21. Tahuak manuk sahali : 2 am
22. Tahuak manuk dua hali : 3 am
23. Buhabuha ijuk : 4 am
24. Andos torang atau torang ari : 5 am
PARMESA/ZODIAK Batak :
4*HARA HATA (cancer)
How Batak man found script ?
Holy scriptures also sent by God through His Trinity ( Debata Natolu ) to
the very batak man who also wrote about Batak genealogy : si Raja Batak :
rolling of Pustaha Surat Batak written on skin of wood ( lak-lak) ie. :
Agong" , this is given to his son Tatea Bulan which was consist of
hadatuon ( medicating : to healing the sick, uterology, to find the
lost and to chase away evil spirit, to call the rain, calendar, zodiac
and prophecy ) , habeguon (
ability to see the invisible creatures or other creatures from another
world like ghost, angel, etc) ,
parmonsahon ( art of Defence which contains of 999 methods ) and
pangaliluhon ( ability to be dissapeared and fly ) . The second rolling
is " Pustaha Surat Tumbaga Holing", this is given to his son Raja
which is consist of harajaon ( governance), paruhumon ( law and rules
), parhumaon ( farming and gardening ), parboniagaon ( marketing and
finance ) and paningaon ( construction and technology ) and to the
third son he gave "Parhobolon ( ability to transform of body shape), Habaranion
and Habeguon( ability to see the spirits and to comunicate with )" . ( 'Ruhut-ruhut Ni Adat' HB Situmorang, WM Hutagalung 1991;1 page1
and 33 )
they were persons who has super ability power from God but still could
live in holyness and simply because asking to God for permission for doing anuthing so not to be boast ,not pond of
money by using their super ability when asked to help people and not using it to harm people ,
this is the first why people called them Batak because they are
descendant of si Raja Batak and also because they keep their filosofy of Habatahon in daily life : holy and simple .
Thus only datu (
person who has ability to medicating , has super natural power from God
to find the lost, to expel the evil spirit,
prophecy, calendar, zodiac , season
but only for good purpose)
and like those 3 persons above who knows about ancient Batak script
afraid those 2 holy books used for harming people so they didn't tell
every body how to use its, only to the person who has the same
How the people now can read those two holy books?
Through the Datu , common people can read its too by doing ritual
ceremony first to God and pray to ask ability to read the books and
swear to use its for goodness if not you will be cursed.
people only use ancient Batak script for good purpose and from pure
another script for daily using we called it surat Batak sehari-hari
'common Batak script', it was also script famous during that time
and used among the traders in all over the archipelago around Indonesia
now which is now is learnt in school and the application published in internet by Dell Unniversity , Balige , North Sumatera .
That is the script found by Uli Kozok, German arkeolog in European museums in during the
colonialism of Dutch from century 19th-20th because in war time 'hatred
angry time'. Uli Kozok then learnt it and create application of Batak
script and language in internet but we have also ancient Batak script and
Only a few different between script of Batak Angkola-Sipirok-Padang
Lawas-Toba-Dairi-Simalungun and Karo, only in way how to put anak
nisurat to inani surat.
Then how God taught the other people to knows this script ? Through praying to God and led by the datu .
Batak people well known as exclusive people, so far not many outsider
knows about Batak ( Habatahon : belief, zodiac, calendar , script,
language, tradition, culture , farming, governance, filosophy ) till this modern
keep this exclusiveness Batak people also created rumor among
themself as cannibalism. Many expert already admitted this rumor as
protection like : LEONARD Y. ANDAYA The Trans-Sumatra Trade and
the Ethnicization of the 'Batak', 2002 pg.1 and http://www.fom.sg/Passage/2013/05batak.pdf
Padang Lawas that was why the Batak land was the last to occupied by the
colonist : 1907 after the spiritual leader and leader of Batak land
But if there is intermarriage with other country like from India, Java then
the foreigner will be adopted as Batak people in ceremony called
Batak hero, avatar, Indonesia
Batak aim is hagabeon, hasangapon , hamoraon.
Hagabeon means marriage, having children and place to live.
Hasangapon means we live as a good person so people give respect to us.
Hamoraon means to be rich.
One day br Pasaribu when to a sacred place called Tombak Sulu-sulu around Balige to pray to
God to ask for child then she bath on a spring then there was a voice
said that It was God Batara Guru who will give her a son' . Br.
Pasaribu already left by her husband because already in long term of
marriage to have no child, her husband then remarry with other woman . Finally then
God said she will have a baby , God appearanced was as Batara Guru . God fulfilled His word.
The baby then named Raja Manghuntal because from the childhood he
already made people astonished . Off course people will be surprised to
hear br. Pasaribu to have a baby while husband already live with his
new wife a far. when the member of Br. Pasaribu husband deny him as a
member of family Raja Manghuntal cried then all of the plants turning
roots, off course then the member of family of his father then took him
family for the miracle had happened around him.
After grown up he became a leader of army of Raja Hatorusan , Barus
they went to fight Portuguess to Singkil and won the war. When he rod
on his horse on the way there was no water then he pray to God to ask
for water, he then stroke his rod on a stone then the water spring so
they can drink.
The spring stil exist till now called Aek Sipaulak Hosa, all over the Batak land he helped people in solving their problem .
His aunty the asked gift from him after went home, he gave her a
European gun, her aunty the said 'gun has opponent gun, why don't you
give me an elephant?'
This request brought him to search for Raja Uti in Barus, Batak seaport
who had known to have elephant armada and a Batak king also believed to
be a holy person, a hand of God, a prophet, a religious leader of
Uti then surprised when this young man could reach and found him,
as his palace guarded with seven layer magic troops ; 1st layer guarded
by venomous insects, the second layer gurded by venomous animal like
snake, centipede,scorpions 2nd layer guarded by bear,
tiger,elephant, etc and around the rivers both guarded by the white
Then Raja Uti gave him the white
elephant he wants and the sacred knife cos he can open it cover and
inaugurate him asa a new king of Batak.
During his life he help many people, he redeem a person from debt then live under slavery till he had no
money and borrow money from his aunty then fought with her.
The painting that people most afraid of .
He is hero of Batak land, while other place,island already under
occupied by the colonist for over 350 years he stand firm to protect
his people from colonialism till 1907 , he died .Now he became national
hero after batak land unite with Indonesia
info : firstname.lastname@example.org
Dark History of Batak land .
Paderi war ( 1804-1837) base in Minang Kabau land ( West Sumatera map
now ) , start from polemic of Tuanku Koto Tuo, the leader of moslem who keep strong tradition in Koto Tuo with Tuanku nan Renceh in fighting gambling, chicken fight competition, alcoholic drink, etc . Tuanku
nan Renceh. too radical and yet having support from the tree haji's who
just return from Meccah and brought new puritan Islam mashab ie: Haji
Miskin from Pandai Sikek , Haji Sumanik from Delapan Kota, dan Haji Piobang from
Lima Puluh Kota , then they pull leaders of comunity to form “Harimau nan Salapan” (The 8 Tigers ) , off course Tuanku Koto Tuo would not like to follow their party but his son Tuanku Mensiangan became their leader. The people in Miang Kabau then call them Kaum Paderi , Kaum Adat.is the comunity who kept strong tradition .
Tuanku Pasaman or Tuanku Lintau
wanted to discuss with Kaum Adat in Kota
Tengah, also invite Raja Minangkabau Tuanku Raja Muning Alamsyah from
Pagaruyung palace but then discussion turn to war because the palace refused
puritan ( Hambali/Wahaby) doctrin they burnt the palace, Raja
Muning Alamsyah escaped to Kuantan, Lubuk Jambi, his
daughter Puan Gadis escaped to Padang Sidimpuan and tell this story to
Willem Iskander , a scholar in literature .
On 1818, Raja Muning
delegated Tuanku Tangsir Alam and Sutan Kerajaan Alam to ask for help
to General of English South east Asia Thomas Stamford Raffles in Padang
but refused to intervense after Raffles delegation researched the situation to inland
, they found that the palace Pagaruyung already ruin even Gouvernour
General Lord Minto in Calcutta also refused and command them to leave Sumatera after conference with Dutch : “Tractat
London” , English hand over Sumatera to Dutch .
Yes, this is war of Minang Kabau people with Dutch then why this war
enter Batak land ? Because on the other side is one of the military chief was a Batak man
who niece of Batak land leader Sisingamangaraja IX: Tuanku Rao, he had
great avenged to his uncle religion : Batak religion while Minang Kabau
people wanted to have new land because their land already occupied by
the Dutch and to spread new doctrin of Moslem : Hambali/Wahaby.
10 Februari 1821, Tuanku Suruaso pull 14 leader of each villagers from Kaum Adat toask for help to Dutch leader : Residen Du Puy . Du Puy attack Kaum Paderi since then war Kaum Paderi war with Dutch , no longer with Kaum adat .
Fact from Sisingamangaraja IX clan about Tuanku Rao.
Tuanku Rao parents are Gana Sinambela which is niece to
Gindoporang Sinambela sibling of Sisingamangaraja IX means
according to Batak tradition this is incest and Gana also broke the law
for having baby before marriage so they must be exiled , thus they
moved to Aceh .
In Aceh Gindoporang Sinambela became Aceh soldier and moslem then
change his name to Arab name : Muhammad Zainal Amiruddin then he
married Barus leader daughter so Gana Sinambela return to her family in
Bakara when Sisingamangaraja IX already died .
Sisingamangaraja X gave full love and attention to Pongky,10 years old,
and forgave her mother sin so she can live in Batak land again and
received in family house, as a batak man , must have marga (
patrilineal genealogy ) behind name so he asked his brother in law
Jongga Simorangkir to adopt him as son so Pongky has marga Simorangkir
behind his name .
Came the datu Amang Tagor Manullang
with the vision said that in the future the boy will kill
Sisingamangaraja X and bring
great ruin for Batak land so he must be killed .
Sisingamangaraja X as a leader then arranged a pretend execution to save his niece with drawning him to the lake.
When Pongky was executed
Sisingamangaraja X command secretly to tied with a bunch of wood
stones in order he can float on the water then when giving a hug for
the last time hidden by her mother body who knee next to him hug Pongky
he loosen the rope
that tied Pongky with his super natural knife'Gaja Dompak ' in order
escaped then he tied a bunch of coin money under his shirt for live,
the kayak man drawning him to the lake, off course he was floating then swept to
beach near Asahan river. He saved by Lintong Marpaung near Narumonda.
As an executed man to die he then must move from a place to another
place in order not to recognised by the people after grown up around 20
years old he went to the South of Batak land :
Angkola , Sipirok where some Batak people were Moslem then to
Matinggi near Padangsidimpuan , from Padang Matinggi then he move to
Rao ( South of Minang Kabau land ) . That was why he hate his family
religion : Batak religion, in Rao he became a horse keeper of Datuk
Bandaharo Ganggo .
As the leader of moslem in Minang Kabau Tuanku nan Renceh heard about
Pongky is a Batak man and still clan of one of the Batak ruler and has super natural ability from God then he ask Datuk
Bandaharo Ganggo to send Pongky as his student , they name him Umar
Katab from a military warrior moslem name Umar Chattab but written
Katab from Batak reversed ) then they send him to Syria, Meccah and Turky
, he also learnt cavalry Janitsar Turky because they want to use him as
leader of their priest in Batak land with their Hambali doctrin .
Back from Meccah they named him Umar Katab as Tuanku Rao because he was a
new spiritual and military chief from Rao. ( Tuanku title is given to
some body who expert in moslem religion and military ) .
Paderi then attacked Batak land with start to ruin Muara Sipongi fence
in Mandailing ,1819, that was Batak people who followed their war and
doctrin called moslem Monjo, because one of their leader name in Padang
was Tuanku Imam Bonjol. They then attacked Muara near Bakkara but the
Muara Jatengger Siregar who avenged to Sisingamangaraja
X clan because his grand-grand parents Porhas Siregar who was a brutal
pirate leader around
lake Toba before killed by Sisingamangaraja I and their ancestor family
ought to live in exile till Sipirok and Mandailing .
Jatengger used this moment to killed Sisingamangaraja X.
Jatengger then join Paderi with title Tuanku Ali Sakti. According
to Basyral Hamidy Harahap who wrote book " Greget Tuanku Rao" the
Paderi war in Batak land as holocaust, all housings were burnt ( so
most of manuscripts and artefact were burnt too ) , girls were raped ,
kinnaped then sell in slavery
Most of the chief commanders of Paderi were from Batak Mandailing who
already became Moslem Monjo like Tuanku Tambusai ( marga Harahap ),
Tuanku Srik Marapian ( Nasution ), Tuaku Mandailing ( Lubis ) , Tuanku
Asahan ( Mansur Marpaung) , Tuanku Kota Pinang ( Alamsyah
Dasopang ), Tuanku Daulat ( Harahap) Tuanku Patuan Soripada (
Siregar ), Tuanku Ali sakti ( Jatengger Siregar ) , Tuanku Saman (
Hutagalung) , Tuanku Junjungan ( Tahir Daulay) dan Tuanku Marajo (
Even though Paderi won the war but they also lost many, first they came
with 150.000 troops then left only 30.000 because killed by the killed
, killed by the virus of the deceased body all around the Batak land
that time as for me killed because they betrayed their own brotherhood
as same tribe who has no sin to them also maybe because before his
uncle died he wrote Tuanku Rao to save the children below 7 years old .
Tuanku Rao then pull back his troop to Rao refused his leader command Tuanku Imam Bonjol, 1820 .
This action then soon followed by other military chiefs like Tuanku
Mandailing, Tuanku Asahan, Tuanku Kota Pinang, Tuanku Daulat, Tuanku
Ali Sakti ( only 3 days having his title ) and Tuanku Junjungan as they
found that Tuanku Imam Bonjol oppress them so they threw their title.
Mansur Marpaung then found kingdom of Asahan crown himself as a Sultan, Alamsyah Dasopang found kingdom Kotapinang and crown himself as Sultan,
Tuanku Rao died in Air bangis battle againts Dutch on 5 Sepetember 1821
in horrifying way, Tuanku Lelo ( Idris Nasution ) cutted by his
concubine Halimah Rangkuti who was one of his hostage.
After Bonjol fortress in Padang fell to Dutch 17
Agustus 1837 ( Teitler 2004), Tuanku Imam Bonjol and Tuanku Tambusai
escaped to Rokan Hulu ( Riau) with centre Dalu-dalu fortress.
Later, in 2008 arosen controversy about title national hero of Tuanku
Tambusai, Tuanku Rao and Tuanku Imam Bonjol after descendant of Datu
Bange Basyral Hamidi Harahap
wrote his book' Greget Tuanku Rao' ( page 57-76) said that Paderi
troops and the followers killed many people when expand their doctrin
Wahabi in Rokan and Mandailing.
Datu Bange was one of the the leader in Mandailing who againts Tuanku Tambusai, he is from Simanabun.
BHH said tree of them : Tuanku Rao, Tuanku Tambusai and Tuanku
Imam Bonjol ( TIB) were coward because TIB arranged his surrender to Dutch (
according to Naskah Tuanku Imam Bonjol ( Sjafnir Aboe Nain,2004
). Tuanku Tambusai run away to Malaysia left all his followers and troops because afraid of Dutch chasing.
“Kita bertanya di manakah jiwa kepahlawanan seorang yang telah banyak
membunuh, menculik kaum perempuan untuk dijual sebagai budak atau dijadikan
gundik di kalangan bangsa sendiri? [...] Apakah seorang yang [...] tidak
[mampu] mempertahankan tanah tumpah darah sampai titik darah
penghabisan [...] dan menginjak-injak harkat dan martabat bangsa
sendiri pantas menjadi pahlawan? [...] Seorang patriot sejati, sekalipun
terpojok pastilah tetap berjuang mempertahankan bumi persada sampai titik darah
penghabisan“, GTR (page.106).
'Where is the heroic of some body who already killed thousands
people from his own clan,
raped, kinnaped for sell in slavery in war ?(...) Is
hero title worth for a person who could not defense his own land to die
(...) and insult his own land dignity and identity ? (...)
A patriot, even being beleaguered by enemy will struggle to
die' ( GTR, page 106)
-From book of Mangaradja Onggang
Parlindungan Siregar, “Pongkinangolngolan Sinambela gelar Tuanku Rao, Terror
Agama Islam Mazhab Hambali di Tanah Batak”, Penerbit Tanjung Pengharapan,
Tuanku Lelo/Idris Nasution is
the great-great parents of Mangaraja Onggang
Parlindungan from his mama ( page. 358). From his papa Sutan Martua
Raja Siregar, a History teacher, he found many source of history of
Batak war againts the Paderi , from his grand parents private Agenda
book and diary also from research of Willem Iskandar, Guru Batak, Sutan
Martua Raja and Poortman.
He wrote this book so his
children learn from the past and not to happen again then ex
Mayjen TNI T.Bonar
Simatupang asked him to publish this book because this is a truth so
history must changed then he asked many additional information from TB
Simatupang ( a general major ), Ali Budiarjo, SH ( a lawyer ) and dr.
Wiliater Hutagalung into the book .
-From book of Basyral Hamidi Harahap ' Greget Tuanku Rao' ( Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu, September 2007 )
Batak Belief and Batak religion
belief call God as Ompu Mula Jadi Nabolon ( OMJN )
from etimology :
hierachy , calling
for the clever and
goodness,the old person who
Ompu) , Mula means
Begin or the first, Jadi
means create , Nabolon means biggest the big,
the first and the holy so
meaning is he Big and The First who create all .
Batak is derived from the first ruler of Batak name : 'Si
raja Batak' , Batak
means holy and
Habatahon doctrins are derived from Putaha
Surat Agong and Pusataha
Holing that he ceived from God while
praying so including belief,
script, tradition, phylosphy, medicating, law, language, culture,
weaving, military/art defense, calendar and
zodiac, must be done/learnt in holy,
in broterhood otherwise people
will consider you as 'dalle or malai.
Foto : God eyes .
God bloods on earth world according to the rotating of day and night ;
God says :' If you can unite your blood with My blood , everything you
want will be given, but be careful to use its or you will be fallen in
- God black blood : in the night when there is moon and stars
- God purple blood : before the sun rise in the morning , the purple will shine
- God red blood : When you go up the hill at 4 a.m. you can see this
- God yellow blood : The red sun then step by step change to yellow to separate night from the midday
- God white blood : in the midday you can see the mist
- God blue blood : after the sun shine brightly , the sky is blue
- God green blood : on the grass
- God gray blood : on the gray mist , signing of the rain
- God brown blood : on the soil.
God ( Ompu Mula Jadi Nabolon ( OMJN ) dwell and reign on the highest sky and
Debata Asiasi is Holy Spirit , where God is there is Debata
Asiasi, Debata Asiasi is God presence and resembling to create all , Debata Asiasi described as a
holy bird with 3 forms : Manuk Patiaraja , Manuk Hulambujati ,
Manuk Simandoang .
Debata Asiasi shape is a holy bird with iron beak , nail like using
sparkling bracelet, body like very big butterfly with eggs as big as a
big 'hudon', the face like Rumariri star , as the first creation of
God, God said that His fate is only to take words from man . Blessing
man so they keep playing 'gondang' ( traditional Batak concert ) , if
He wish 'Gondang Debata Batara Guru' , so He must dress with black, if
He wish for 'Gondang Debata Sori' so He must dress with white, if He
wish 'Gondang Debata Bulan 'so He must dress with red . Man always need
Debata Asiasi in every time. When there is man with bowed body , blind,
deaf, has only one leg or hand, so they are the men who insult Him,
then when there is the only one child in sorrow, family with many
children , they are the men who thank and always call Him, because man
is His descend from.
God created a holy tree on the sky behind God throne , the holy
tree has 26 roots on the banua tonga on Batu Nanggar Jati , the
branches are 8, follow the 8 wind directions , has 30 twigs and 12
fruits follow the month rotation.
Branches directions are :
leading to the East is as gold
leading to the Southeast as bronze
leading to the South is as silver
leading to the Southwest is as stone
leading to the West is as tin
leading to theNorthwest is as copper
leading to theNorth is as Iron
leadingis to theNorth east is as wood
Fate of man is written on the holy tree :
Fate as a big king who has nothing less is written to the East.
Foto Batak wind directions 'desa naualu'
Fate as a king
is written to Southeast
Fate as a very richman
is written to Southwest
Fate as rich man
is written to Southeast is written to Southeast
Fate as a shaman
is written to West
Fate as having harmony in family to die
is written to Northwest
Fate as having many husbands or many wives
is written to North.
Fate as a poor
is written to East
Fate as staff
is written to Northwest
Fate as having long lasting age
is written to root
Fate as a man having short age
is written to branch
Fate as just having a child then die
is written to trunk
Fate as die in young
is written to twig
Fate as die in teenager age
is written to peak
Fate as die the way to teenager
is written to Southeast is written to leaf
Fate die in childhood
is written to the old leaf
Fate as die on the way to learn walking
is written to the twig of leaf
Fate as die on the way to learn stepping
is written to Southeast is written to the old leaf
Fate as die on the way to learn standing
is written to leaf almost fallen
Fate as die after able to speak
is written to rotten leaf
Fate as die as foetus
is written to fallen leaf
Fate as man haunted by the spirit
is written to the branch which has doubled branch
Fate as a shaman woman
is written to old twig
Fate as a super natural person ability
is written to good fruit
Fate as a stupid and scared person
is written to bad fruit
Fate as a thieft
is written to almost fallen fruit
Those are fate of man , actually when man has born doesn't know what will happen to him.
Source : taken from the datu' s son who can read ancient Batak book :
Batak belief about spirit :
God create man with tondi, tondi has 17 spirits ,
this tondi can leave body when there is no equality in life,
in the past thus ritual ceremony must be held by the
shaman to heal this man , if body filled with this 17
spirits he can be a super natural
person almost like the creature in sky world .
Tondi never die even the owner of the body is die,
Tondi will receive the place accordingly after the owner
of tondi is die : in heaven , the first sky where
the goddest is or hell according to what was the owner of
tondi during alive : good or
not and acording to faith to God .
Tondi can come back to bless the descendant when
asked by ritual ceremony or just private praying that is
why Batak people really respect to his ancestor
Sombaon is a place where a died person who has super
natural abilty from God buried , usually on the hill
belong to a marga ( clan ) or on the spring where people take water for
daily use ( this place called
homban ) so
this place becomes sacred and must be cleaned and treated respectfully
around there .
When a super natural ability person died all the
people is happy then play traditional music to dance to say
thank to God because in their clan already found
some body who lived holy, simple with super natural
ability from God and already has
wife, children or grand child.
Some time the ceremony lasting till many days wait
till all the children of the death already arrive from far place to bury the death.
To find sacred place for 'sombaon' the eldesst of
the clan or datu ( usually from the clan if there is but if no
datu among the clan , they can
call the datu from other clan ) pray to God . For this ceremony must be
lampet, itak gurgur , egg and betel leaf . Place the betel leaves on a
plate then the egg and itak
gurgur . The eldest put it on head then pray to God and goddes of sky
and earth, aFter this praying , itak gurgur spread out all over the
spring or hill then together eat the lampet .
Foto by Maridup H .
Symbolizing of egg is descendant , betel leaf for growing and prosperity in life.
Some time the descent of the death come here to ask for protection from
the evil spirit , also when there is disaster happen
to the village, they hold ritual ceremony complete with
traditional music and dance, the
datu and the food for offering eating together .
offering usually betel leaf, egg and itak gur-gur additional is favorit food of the sombaon .
While praying the datu will be descend upon of a
spirit , to determine whose spirit is coming the descent will ask specify question like what is the
name of the sacred tool he had from God during his/her live, etc.
Emergence of the spirit of our ancestor to the descent
, usually happen when the descent in sorrow so this
emergence can be strengthened or in bad behavior to remind the descent
to repent .
means the super natural ability from God that you have from
bornbrought or descend from ancestor in the same descent that is only
using for good purpose if not the sahala can left . From our ancestor
we can ask his sahala during his life . There is ritual ceremony for
this must be done descent to descent to identify the original sahala .
Sahala from ancestor can descent to descendant by bornbrought or
'hasandaran' ; transfrer to thegrand child.
Begu is the creatures from other world : from under earth world or sky
world , has power and willing , sometime can enter middle earth and
caught by man'datu' and control it for good or bad
of Batak ancestor married creature from sky or under world world that
is why some of the Batak man is datu from bornbrought.
Some name of begu :
Batak cosmology :
- Begu Harangan,
a spirit that appear because of scared from the mind of a person who pass the creepy jungle
- Begu Antuk,
people say ( cos I never seen it ) a spirit who spread diseases of pestilence and cholera .
- Begu Ganjang,
people say ( cos I never seen it ) a cultivated spirit which if seen can be high and high then the person who saw it will die strangled .
- Polosit, maybe same with Palasik in
Minangkabau who suck the blood of baby till the baby jaundice to die .
Batak cosmology belief that universe is divided in 3 worlds : banua ginjang ( upper
world , sky ) , banua tonga ( middle world : earth ) and banua toru ( under earth world ).
a. Sky World
God lay the holy bird on the branch of holy tree, the first form of
holy bird Manuk Patiaraja delivering 3 eggs then became
of 3 worlds : that is called Debata Natolu or Batak Trinity as tree parts of God power :
Tuan Batara Guru ( controller on the sky , has 7 gondangs, function to give
a wise answer , wisdom for the kingdom, fair scale to all
creatures ' tu ginjang
so ra mungkit to toru so ra monggal' ), symbolized with black .
2. Ompu Tuan Soripada ( controller on the earth ,he
horse , has sword with 2 blades , a spear with two blades,
function as giver of supernatural power for man ) , symbolized
3. Ompu Tuan Mangala Bulan or Naga Padoha (
on under world to give examiation to those who live on earth
together with other spirits), symbolized with red also
as God power to handle earth pole , if man no respect to earth then the
earth will shaking, so in the past before no Christian religion in
Batak land there was ritual every year for Ompu Tuan Mangala Bulan or
Naga Padoha to respect earth .
This Trinity Batak also then becomes Batak filosofy in every occasion
of life : Dalihan Natolu ( the tree of furnaces ) to make
equality in making decision : somba marhula-hula ( respect to family of
husband ) , elek marboru ( give in to the family of your son in law) ,
manat mardongan tubu ( be careful , not to separated from the
same clan ), so as in the company: boss as hulahula, boru
as customer, dongan tubu or dongan sabutuha as staff .
The second form of holy bird Manuk Hulambujati delivering 3
goddes after brooded 3 segments of bamboo for a year : Siboru Parmeme, Siboru Parorot, Siboru Panuturi then became the
wives of Debata Natolu .
The third holy bird Manuk Simandoang is delivering spirit of life to the new born baby ( Debata Asiasi ).
Asi-asi said : “You will feel painful and difilculty to deliver
your baby, but I will be there to strengthening you" .
Ompu Tuan Batara Guru married with Siboru Parmeme and having 9 children :
1. Tuan Sori Mahumat
2. Datu Tantan Debata Guru Mulia
3. Siboru Sorbajati twin with Siboru Deang Parujar ( Siboru Dea Siboru Deak Parujar )
4. Siboru Deang Parujar ( Siboru Dea Siboru Deak Parujar )
5. Siboru Saniang Naga, the goddes of water .
6. Siboru Tapi Gaga
7. Siboru Malim
8. Siboru Sanduduk
9. Siboru Leang Nagurasta
Ompu Tuan Soripada married with Siboru Parorot , having children :
1. Tuan Sorimangaraja
2. Tuan Dihurmajati or raja Endaenda or Raja Indapati or Raja or Tuan
Ruma Uhir Tuan Ruma Gorga has ugly face and shape
3. Siboru Nan Bauraja
4. Siboru Surungan
Ompu Tuan Mangala Bulan married with Siboru Panuturi having children :
1. Tuan Dipampat Tinggi Sabulan
2. Siboru Narudung Begu ( Siboru Rundung Bulan )
Batara Guru in Batak mitology has no similarity or connection with
Hindu like Uli Kozok ( archeolog from German ) said , maybe just the
same name .
Batara Guru has black symbol and holy book which is now still used by
followers of Batak religion for ritual ceremony , here by
some copy of his holy book :
" Hi, you are Batara Guru, you are a place when people has question to
answer , fair judgement, explanation, prophecy from upper sky from Bukit Siunggas to Bukit Parsambilan, from the seventh layers of mist, from the seventh sky, from the valley of Sitandiang to the third Pahu , from
jungle of Pungu to the sacred jungle from cave Sibada-Bada, from the
Simanualang, from the edge of branch , from the edge of the earth ,
from stone Garagajulu , where you purified , from the overturned rattan
, from bamboo pricky tikar , from the quarter junctions, from the
overturned rattan to the the star which branch out to
from the tree of Junjung Buhit, from tree of Hariara that
grows on the sky that is your way from the sky world to earth
world . When you go down and up to deliver man needing , then do it
Siukkap-Ukkapon to the stone which has flat ivory to stepped . That is
your way to take and give to man, because you are the one who has
talungkup, has big boat who tied with rolling fabric , has black crow,
has Nanggarjati. On the hill of park of bagot, under the
park of demban, when one day a man comes to you , you must give them
alive because you are the one who can open hearing, who knows which
word is true or not,, and also to open earings of man, who wear on
black shirt and ride black horse . "
b. Middle world, earth world( Banua Tonga )
What is on earth world resembling what is on the sky world ( banua
ginjang ) and under earth world.
The messenger of God is Leangleang Mandi Untung-untung Nabolon as a
messenger of praying to Goddes and God Ompu Mula Jadi Nabolon . Man
live on earth world , only short time they can live in other world and
only the datu bolon can do that .
Genesis of first Batak man is derived from Siboru
Deang Parujar ( Siboru Dea Siboru Deak Parujar ), daughter of Batara
Guru with Tuan Dihurmajati or raja Endaenda ,
Tuan Ruma Uhir Tuan Ruma Gorga , son of Tuan Soripada .
First God command Siboru Sorbajati to marry Tuan Ruma Uhir Tuan Ruma
Gorga but after she saw his bad shape she tried to strecth time with
asking gondang ( Batak traditional music concert ) all night long
because she want to manortor ( to dance traditional Batak dancing ) ,
when the sun was going to shine she then tranced went up the
balcony of house , jump down to the ground and suddenly her body
embedded deep into the ground .
God then command Deak Parujar to marry with Tuan Ruma Uhir ( he taught batak people to carve house ) but Deak
strecthed time with excuse to weave ulos ( the thread color is black ,
white and red, these color then become the prime colors in Batak
ornaments/textile and Batak people lerant to weave from her ) , because he has bad face and
shape like lizard and also she threw down the thread then she went down
to follow the thread ( then this thread used by the datu to lift pray
to God in ritual ceremony ) till fallen to unknown place ,
hanging desperately blown
by the wind and threatened by the big crab on wide wide ancient ocean,
no edge . God invited her to return to sky but she refuse .She
ask to God through Leang leang Mandi Untunguntung Nabolon a grip of
soil, a magic sword and a veil .She then form a land for landing from a
grip of soil then Naga Padoha tried to ruin it, she reformed again,
again and again thus this shaking by Naga Padoha who tried to ruin
earth is resulting shape of earth like hill, mountain , valley, cliff
and some part id flat on earth shape .Then she asked God through leang
leang Mandi Untunguntung Nabolon to send her plants and animals .
She had long pray while forming the land , some of them is :
Tuan Humarahiri, Sihumara Naboru ( this two creatures determine the weather )
Paraji tambatua, paraji pulungpulungan
Parsonduk ni ompunta Siraja Odapodap
Namarsigantung di TALI SIUBAR
Nameat di MOMBANG BORU………….'
described that the world has its two poles that pulling each other like
there is begin there is end there is light and dark, there is good and
bad . When the poles meet each other ? In Batak mitology
there is time when they meet each other .
Parujar then wonder why the
earth she formed always shaking and ruin then pray to God to know the
answer then God created 8
suns to dry the ocean , so seen the Naga Padoha , Deak Parujar then
said to herself that Naga Padoha is the doer of shaking ( earthquake).
( In Batak mithology sun and moon always fight to defeat each other ,
one day moon can cheat the sun to eat the other 7 suns , there is time
when one of the sun or moon is defeated) .
She then think hard to stop him . Deak Parujar then ask to Leang leang
Mandi Untunguntung Nabolon to ask to her aunty Siboru Narudung Begu (
Siboru Rundung Bulan) and Siboru
Nan Bauraja a betel leaf from each other to chew then spit it on
Naga Padoha back after she got red on lips by betel leaf then Naga Padoha
wonder to see how she get red on lips. Deak Parujar said that she can
help him to red his lips after she can tie him first with big rope till
can not released. Naga Padoha can break it. Then Naga Padoha cajole her to
marry , Deak Parujar then receive him after Naga Padoha already
can not break her rope which tied to him.
After Naga Padoha can not break the tied again Deak Parujar stab him on
back till only handle of sword left over, the Naga Padoha not die
just can not move free. That is why in Batak land when there is
earthquake Batak people scream out 'suhul..suhul...suhul' ( suhul means
;handle of the sword ) , to remind the Naga Padoha not to shake the
earth anymore because his back already stabbed till only the
sword handle seen on his back. That is why also girls in Batak land chew the betel leaf.
When Deak Parujar walking on the earth she saw footprint on earth
and wonder who's footprints are that? When she met Raja Odapodap ( Tuan
Ruma Uhir who already reborn as Raja odap odap after pray hard to God
to change his shape to handsome and normal man shape) then she ask
LLMUUN to fly her return to the sky but LLMUUN refused because no
permit from God then she knew he is her fate , to marry him . So she
asked Leang leang Mandi Untunguntung Nabolon ( LLMUUN ) to ask God to
bless her marriage then God answer through LLMUUN 'let her bless her
own marriage because she.
From their marriage born because she was stubborn then I will punished
her ' . 'What is my punishment?' asked Deak Parujar through LLMUUN to
God then the answer is she will work hard on earth then can eat , on
the way to delivering baby Deak Parujar ask to God spells for
fight confrontation, 'Tuah Nabolon' and 'Tawar Mulajadi' then
God gave it through LLMUUN, LLMUUN put it on her shirt and on her
rolling hair .
She has twin baby named Siraja Ihat Manisia
or Tuan Mulana for baby boy and
Siboru Ihat Manisia for baby girl , those two babies then become the
first man on earth. When the baby grown up deak Parujar asked to
LLMUUN to invite her family from sky world to see and bless her
children . God, Debata Soripada and Debata Asiasi came down from the
sky of sky through the thread she used when she fell down to the earth
They arrive on peak of Gunung Pusuk Buhit , around Pangururan , there were the first place of the first man on earth world on Sianjurmulamula
Sianjurmulamulajadi - Sianjurmulamulatompa, to hind is the lake Toba,'
namarpancur golang-golang, martapian jabi-jabi tu parsuap bohi di
manogot tu paridion di borngin ari'.
That is the place that is squeezed by 2 branches of ocean where the Dolok
Pusuk Buhit standing on , the sacred place of Nalaga which is not
allowed to passed and stained . When God presence on Siboru Deak
Parujar place and bless them so they know which is allowed and not
allowed to do and they also taught how to connect with God
Ompunta Mulajadi Nabolon on the upper sky world ie with ritual offerings
to the spirit of God and precious things 'Homitan' . The most precious
things 'homitan' for ritual offerings for connect with God is Hoda
Hapas. Ritual offerings are always in the same portion :
Tuan Ruma Uhir or raja Odapodap also taught man about season, time, astrology, astronomy in a holy book called Pane Nabolon .
- to God Ompunta Mulajadi Nabolon: demban and bane-bane leaf.
- to Debata Sori : anggir and
tuak in 'sawan' ancient white porcelain with bane-bane leaf
- to Balabulan : two lepat, flower and demban .
God says ' All of you the people on earth world when starting ritual
offerings, you must place its in order , tidy, clean and followed with
happy and earnestly heart .Thus God also bless the God horse ." Hoda
Hapas' .After all the instructions and ritual have done then God went
up to Dolok Pusuk Buhit direct to upper sky world . Siboru Deak Parujar and Siraja Odapodap also return to sky world , Debata Asi-asi dan Raja Ingot Paung were left to look after Siraja Ihatmanisia and Siboru Ihat Manisia. Siraja
Ihat Manisia and Siboru Ihat Manisia keep look at how their
parents lift up and wanted to follow their parents but the thread
was broken so they could not reach them. The broken thread blown
by the wind to 8 wind directions . Since then batu Nanggar Jati became
path to the sky world and Debata Asiasi becomes connector between the
sky world and earth world .
Conclusion : God give task to Siboru Deak Parujar to descend human , to
teach them how to weave, dancing and music , how to make food and
offerings to God, how to harmonize with earth and sky .
Music and dancing of Batak are only used for ritual purpose : for praying to God , for asking blessing and say thank.
So, Batak man is Goddest dencendant that is why most of them is datu .
c. Under earth world
Under earth world is governed by Ompu Tuan Mangala Bulan or Naga Padoha with the spirits .
The spirits from under earth world function are to give examintaion for the people on the earth world .
Copied from 'Kitab SiBoru Debata' , this holy book talking about maternity , the 3 goddes from God and the queen of water .
After 3 Goddess from God : Siboru Parmeme, Siboru Parorot, Siboru
Panuturi then became wives of Debata Natolu ( Trinity of Batak ) Ompu
Tuan Batara Guru married with Siboru Parmeme , Ompu Tuan Soripada
married with Siboru Parorot,
Ompu Tuan Mangala Bulan married with Siboru Panuturi then from
this moment in this holy book God described to Si Raja Batak how the
creating of foetus after 3 months in his father then in womb of mother
for 9 months , if 4 months in his father then 8 months in womb of his
mother because God said : 'the foetus creating must be follow the
fourth circleing of Pane Nabolon on the fourth wind Directions so then
God give power to control the water and the contents . Man take care
your children and help those who has no child ' .
In the past in person who knew about maternity and midife was called Sibaso Bolon
Fate of foetus for 9 months :
First month ; genesis in mother womb, spirit from God mix with spirit of body dwell in holy world ( in womb ).
Second month: The presence of Trinity of Batak in holy world if there
is vibration means there is contact so there is shape of creature .
Third month : After entered by the Trinity of Batak then color of black, white and red are mixed .
Fourth month : creating of skin, mother feels thte morning sick because the creature start to making movement .
Fifth month : creating of brain in holy world .
Sixth month : creating 9999 veins and arteries and start to move.
Seventh month : creating of bones,
Eight month : the shaping of baby is done, baby moving in order and hair grow.
Ninth month : separating process with amniotic fluid, separating of
packing, separating of ropes, separating with blood death companion ,
waiting for delivering .
The baby will rotating for 7 days , at the seventh day of 7th rotating,
the door of holy world is opened , the baby went out then cry to start
the holy era , shape of spirit of man is his groin.
The baby will be complete to delivered after received :
Human has 9 bloods :
- the inner go back to adjsan
- law and rule go back to miral
- face go back to spirit
- smell go back to wahdat
- imagination go back to hadijat
- life go back to man
- black on hair
- purple on crown
- red on body
- yellow on nail
- white on body
- blue on empedu
- green on the pack of empedu
- grey on inner skin
- brown on skin ( accordingly )
follower in modern era
Batak people who kept their religion of Batak after Christian and
Moslem enter Batak land , they look exclusif among the others : holy
and simple then people called them "Parmalim" , due to Batak religion already published as worship idol
after Dutch colonized Batak land so many Batak people left Batak religion.
Etimology parmalim is from malim , derived from alim means holy, malim
is look holy then parmalim is person who live in holy and simple.
Their comunity most in Huta Tinggi , Balige, North Sumatera , around 7
hours by bus from Medan to the South on the way to lake Toba , from lake Toba to Balige by public bus around 2 hours.
Batak traditions are :
1. Dalihan natolu; elek marboru, somba marhula-hula,manant mardongan tubu.
Elek marboru means you must pray to the husband of your sister, boru is daughter , husband of daughter also
boru, boru works to serve in family ritual like weddin,death,born party,etc.
Somba marhula-hula means you (female) must
respect to your brother because he is represent of your father,
represent of God , hula-hula is your brother
(female), brother of your mother (female) , brother of your wife.
Man must Respect to brother in law because he gave you wife so you have children.
Your brother in law can not work in your house and
you must serve him , if your brother in law becomes your staff
you must respect him more than the other.
This addres makes the Bataks has no caste even
though how rich you are , how clever you are one day you will be
boru, a server. you must work/serve at the family ritual like wedding,death,born party,etc .
Manat mardongan tubu means you must be carefull to the same family tree name .
2). Keep strong 'Tarombo dohot Marga' ( genealogy ) , same ' marga' ( family tree name ) can not marry each other .
is system of calling relationship position for example if the
same marga from father we can call her kakak/adek or namboru( if same
position generation with father ) or call him as abang/adek or bapatua
( if his generation has higher position than our father ) , etc. If same marga
with mother we call her 'inanguda' or 'inangtua' if her generation
position older than our mama , etc .
3). A person in a family marry pariban ( specific cousin )
in Batak system of relationship position is if female pariban is cousin
from the son of papa sister , if male pariban is cousin from the
daughter of mama brotherso similar to ancient Israel . It
is to keep pure genealogy .
4). Parbasuan ( a sink from stone ) usually in front of house to wash legs and hands before entering house .
5). Universe pattern.
belief comprise the universe in 3 parts : 'banua ginjang ' ( sky
) , 'banua tonga' ( earth world ) and ' banua toru ' ( under erath
6). Credibility .
In the past Batak people used
bail or warranty : ' salapa or gajut ' ( bettle nut container ) , an
ulos or a stick and some day later should be redeem .
7). Hierarchy in genealogy
Batak tradition a widow should married by the close relative from
If the death husband has no brother then from another member family of husband . In poet writen like this :
“Mardakka do salohot, marnata do na sumolhot. Marbona do
sakkalan, marnampuna do ugasan' means a tree has branch , family
will care ,a cutting board is from a tree , the job has the doer ' .
8 ). Vulgarism
When ancient Batak people angry to enemy , they took a leaf then tear it and curse like this : 'Sai diripashon Debata ma au songon on molo so hudege, hubasbas, huripashon ho annon !!!” means ' let God punished me like this leaf if I don't tread on you ! '
, most Batak people if angry with somebody who have harmed her/him say
this ' jaloonmu do haduan dah natudos tupangalohomi' or bereng,
jaloonmu dodah ' means ' you get your karma during your life '.
Buhit mountain the tallest mountain around lake Toba , the
sacred place where God go down and up the upper sky
world , to heaven His throne , all the holiest Datu
like omp.Raja Uti ( the celibate spiritual leader
and leader of Batak people in the past who never die and never
getting old ) also went toPusuk Buhit before he being lift up to heaven by God .
9). Mangongkal Holi ( Exumation )
people has family grave yard called 'tambak' , after a few years buried
under the ground then moved to family grave by a small ritual ceremony .
10). Hierarki on body .
Head is the highest value and foot is the lowest , when angry to enenmy say this : 'Ditoru ni palak ni pathon do ho'= 'you are under my foot ' is a great insulting.
To show pole foot toward some body is prohibit .
11). Right side and right hand .
Interaction with right hand if must use left hand then followed with pardon .
12). The oldest son .
family hierachy , the oldest son is a head to solve the problem ,
if has no more father the adult oldest son change father position like
this poem : ' Pitu batu martindi-tindi, alai sada do sitaon na dokdok '
' 7 stones one after another but the suffering is one' means the oldest
son take responsible for family .
Female not entered in genealogy because female belong to other family tree name .
Only spesial person like Maria ( Jesus mother and Ruth enter the genealogy in ancient Israel )
14). Batak benzoin .
Old people said the standard price in bartering benzoin was 1 gram gold or 16kg rice .
land well known with benzoin , champor , gold and spices ,
according the book of orientalist and world trader , they brought
its from Barus , near the main seaport of Batak land , Sibolga .
Solomon in Melakim book of Jews told to got offers from His deputy
Hiram king of Tirus 420 talent gold brought fom Ophir .Where Ophir land
supposed to be ? Sumatera , ancient name Sumatera is Swarna Dwipa means
Land of Gold , precisely Barus , Sibolga ( Batak land ) , the main
seaport . ( Tirus was the centre of goods trading from far East ) .
Remember the story of the Majus( clever ) from the East came to offer the gift to Holy Infant , who they were supposed to be ?
Solomon commanded his people to buy spices and gold to Ophir where they
had found the people believe in God ( monotheist ) and the Iranian
Nestorian Christian from Persia built the first church in Barus around century 5th in Desa Pancuran , Barus .
Ptolomeus wrote in is book Geographike
Hyphegesis have information from the trader of Tirus around century
14th -15th that gold brought from Ophir , far East : Sumatera ,
precisely Baru .
15). Given name to the new born baby at the 8th day . ( Luke 1:59 , Luke 2:21 ) .
ancestor brougth the infant to 'pancur' ( fountain where the
people bathing together ) in order to baptize the new baby , this
tradition called Martutu Aek then they celebrate it called Pesta
Martutu Aek .
not circumcision then ? Maybe assimilated with the local tradition like
Bene Manashe tribe in India and Chiang Min tribe in China , they are
the Israel clan who doesn't do circumcision or maybe after seen
the Holy Infant and heard the Good News they stop to do it .
16). Monotheisme Batak belief
ancient Batak belief s like Siraja Batak followrs Batak religion,
Mulajadi beliefs, but most of them has no more committee but most of
the Bataks still belief in Batak belief as part of their culture,
tradition cos as I've saying Batak is already 1 package ;
language,script, tradition,culture and belief that can not separate
from their soul because Batak is spirit . Due to import religion
influencing Batak land in century 18th, some people called them sipele
begu,kafir so all the manuscripts and artefak contains with ancient
Batak religion was burnt .
Then the colonist made constitution to have admission for a religion must have holy scripts , where to find it anymore?
Till now batak religion is not adimitted in constitution in new state ;Indonesia.
is called Parmalim was born during the colonial , they were
dissapointed to te new import religion because they did not respect the
tradition but they were also dissapointed to the base religion becase
had no power to defense itself facing the new influence, most of their
belief base on Batak religion but somewere added from the spiritual
expreince of the chief omp. Somaliang Pardede, he was the foreign
minister of omp. Sisingamangaraja XII.
OMp.Sisingmangraja XII didn't agree with his new spiritualism but they
respect each because tradition 'Dalihan Natolu' must be respected
derived from malim means holy, due to Batak belief is prohibited by the
colonist , the Bataks protected their friends who didn't want to be
Christian call their friend as malim because they live holy, then
people call them Parmalim.
Ugamo means religion.,the follower of
Ugamo malim called Parmalim. Ugamo Malim keep strong Habatahon ( Raja Batak doctrins : religion ,
culture , tradition, music, calendar, zodiac, medicating , etc ).
How Ugamo Malim describe God ? God according to Ugamo Malim :
Parmalim ( the follower of Ugamo Malim ) called God as Ompung Mulajadi
na Bolon (Awal Mula Yang Besar or the First and Almighty ) as well as
Batak belief name God .Parmalim believe God is the one , has no form
but exist , has no start and no end and absolut power : to punish to forgive .
ritual ceremony Parmalims do Patik Ni Ugamo Malim to know your
sin and asking forgiveness from God , if follow God rules we will have
lasting life in heaven .
Ugamo Malim has 7 rituals :
1. Martutuaek (baptizing after baby 7 days year old )
2. Pasahat Tondi (to deliver spirit to God , die )
3. Mararisabtu ( Sabbath service )
4. Mardebata ( pray to God )
5. Mangan Mapaet ( asking for forgiveness to God , fasting)
6. Sipaha Sada ( like Christmas )
7. Sipaha Lima ( ritual like Pasca )on March and July , thanksgiving to God .
religions not allow the followers to eat pig, blood of animal and animal
has splitted nail and can not eat the food of the grief hen you visit
Marnakkok Naipospos is Ulu Punguan ( spiritual leader ) Parmalim in
Desa Hutatinggi Kecamatan Laguboti, Kabupaten Toba Samosir , the Holy
Book of Batak Religion is "Tumbaga Holing and Surat Agong ' , now the
Holy Book Tumbaga is using by the Parmalim in ritual service but the
original is in keepng in the body of the chosen one of God , both can
be in the body of the chosen one of God like Siraja Batak before
Batak Genealogy book.
Usually every Batak family has general genealogy book but some of them
only have genealogy book from the twig clan not full from the root
Batak man keep their genealogy to address them self to each other and
not to marry if father and mother is same clan , it is called
martarombo , all the Batak man ancestor clan
in the past has super natural power from God and family sacred
treasures that given from father to son . Super natural power from God
can be used for good purpose to help people who need ( not for
commercial ) like to fly, to be invisible, to call the rain, to heal
the sick, to find the lost, to shortening the journey, to find water,
to dispel evil spirit or black magic invasion, to manage
people/kingdom, to identify man or ghost, etc .
First Batak man :
Odapodap or Tuan Ruma Uhir - Siboru Deak Parujar (both from the sky
world and return to sky world after children grown up)
Ihat Manisia (don't know who is the wife) - Siboru Itom (don't know who
is the husband) lived in Pusuk Buhit, Sianjur Mulamula
? ( we called this homi di hahomion , 'secret in secret of
Eng Banua, went to live in Siam land with his brother in law , the Siams ( man from Thai )
Eng Domia or Ompu Bonang Tua
-Siraja Batak, ( went to live in other places then return to Pusuk
Buhit via Karo, Dairi and Parbuluan , married with the girl from Siam)
-Raja Asi-asi, ( went to border of Batak land ,to Gayo , Alas )
-Raja Jau , went to tano Doli ( now called Tanah Deli ) , Doli means
beautiful, descendant is Malai people now , they don"t have
marga that is why if Batak people who broke tarombo we call them Malai .
-Toga Datu or Tatea Bulan , went to visit his uncle raja Siam in Siam to marry his daughter but no one he loved of them then
he return to Pusuk Buhit and married with girl
from Pusuk Buhit, his uncle blessed him to be a man with many
and respected also gave him sacred family
treasures which are still hold by the descend till now.
Sacred treasured from Siraja Batak is Pustaha Surat
Agong, content with hadatuon ( super natural power ), habeguon (
ability to see creatures from other worlds and even to manage or to
ally with them ), military and leadership.
-Toga Sumba, or Raja Isumbaon went to Pangururan sacred treasure from Siraja Batak is Pustaha Surat Tumbaga Holing,
contents with law, hadatuon, and rule, finance skill, tecnology skill and governance .
-Toga Laut , descent went to Karo, Alas , Gayo united with Raja Asiasi descent ; their marga is Sekedang, Selian, Ciberou,
Pinem, Munte, Karo in Alas, Bobasan ( Batak na27) , Melala , etc in Gayo.
Sacred treasure from Siraja Batak is "Parhobolon, Habaranion and habeguon".
Toga Datu or Guru Tatea Bulan married a goddes named Siboru Baso Burning with 5 sons, 4 daughter
Siraja Miokmiok, Raja Sigumeleng-geleng gelar Ompu Raja Uti, flew to
Barus and established his dinasty , once moved to Singkil .
-Tuan Saribu Raja ( descendant marga is Pasaribu ), twin with Siboru Pareme .
-Limbong Mulana ( descendant marga is Limbong )
-Silau raja ( descendant marga is Malau, Manik, Ambarita, Gurning )
Pareme, incest with Tuan Saribu Raja son named Si Raja Ilontungon so
must held ritual ceremony 'Martompas Bong2 to ask for apologize to God
+Siboru Anting Sabungan married with Tuan Sori Mangaraja, son of Toga Sumba
+Siboru Biding Laut, as the queen of archipelagos ocean or called Si Ratu Adil in Java .
Raja Uti dinasty
Santabi di sangap ni Ompui, pray, Ompu, to his most distinguished,
His first name was Raja Miokmiok because he was born with no arms and
legs but he kept praying to God then God reborn him then God answer his
praying and choose him as messenger of God and change his name to
Raja Uti or Raja Hatorusan, raja sohaliapan raja sohalompoan, he never
die and never grow old , then only his parents and his brother Saribu
Raja who able to see him . Raja Miok miok gelar Raja Uti mandate his siblings to use his
name for their kids name .
He married the goddes from sky world.
No body knows how old this dinasty has been rule because in Batak
calendar no year written , the king never die and never grow old
and this dinasty spring according to emergency needing for descendant .
Raja Uti, Raja Miokmiok
Raja Uti II
Raja Uti III
Raja Uti IV
Raja Uti V
Raja Uti VI
Raja Uti VII who blessed and inaugurate Raja Manghuntal as Sisingamangaraja I as king of Bangkara
Later after the descendant became moslem the dinasty divided into 2 Sultanates : Sultan Pasaribu and Sultan Pardosi .
Saribu Raja has 4 wives :
1.married with Nai Mangiring Laut , goddes from under earth world , from the ocean, santabi diOmpui, has 1 son , 1 daughter :
-Raja Iboroboron ( Big rain poured ), was from during dry season while family hold ritual ceremony for asking rain to God he
then delivered , his father gave him sacred treasure
a pierce for praying because not seen by him when he was born.
+Siboru Sanggul Haomasan
2.Incest with his twin , has 1 son :
-Raja Ilontungon, he gave him sacred treasure '
3.married with goddes of Tiger during his exile in the jungle also the
Tiger who feed Siboru Pareme in the jungle during exile because did
incest, son named Siraja Galeman or Siraja Babiat ( king of tiger ),
Siraja Babiat went to Dairi , descendant clan is marga Babiat, Tambeski
and Napagodang ,
Saribu Raja gave him sacred treasure 'batu Martaha' and 'Tintin
sipajadijadi' ( ring that have pair with other ring wore by your family
so you must be respect to him'
4.due to Saribu Raja 3 young brothers wanted to kill him for incest he did because he stained family honor, he lived secretly
move from a place to another place , he also run away to Angkola, Mandailing then Barus he married there and has descendant
named marga Bayoangin .
Raja Iborboran marrried with a girl from Raja Jau descent , son named Raja Hatorusan II, he also has super super natural power
from God .
Raja Hatorusan II married with boru Hasibuan , children are 5 :
-Ompu Tuan Raja Doli with title "Datu Taladibabana' cos from mouth came out ancient Batak book]pustaha' when he pray
, went to Dongdong near Motung
- Datu Rimbang, went to Sarinembah , Karo
-Datu Altong ( Altongniaji) , went to Karo, descendant marga Kacaribu , married with boru Tompul Sipurpuron
- Ompu Sahang Mataniari, went to Toba, Habinsaran then to Bandar Pulo, Pane then to Asahan, son named Raja
Margolang then becomes marga Margolang
-Ompu Sindar Mata Nibulan with title"Datu Mombang Napitu' , has 2 wives: I. boru Tompul Napurpuron, son named
Simarimbulubosi, II boru Harondangpane, has 7 twin babies then all babies died together.
After died, Raja Hatorusan II buried near his father Raja Iborboran and grand parents in Rianiate , their unity marga is Borbor.
Datu Taladibabana has 6 children , wife is boru Hasibuan :
+Siboru Huta Hot , married with Siraja Mangarerak , son of Sorimangaraja with Nairasaon from Pangururan, went to Sibisa
-Saribu Raja II, went to Haunatas
-Sipahutar, has a son with only one big eye named Mata Sopiak Dilangit,
can see who perch on the peak of tree on the peak of mountain,
descendant went to Parsabilan married with boru
Sitorus Pane, has 4 sons , went to Bandarpulo, Pagar Batu, Parsingkaman
-Siraja Hatioran, descendat has marga Harahap went with Siraja Tanjung to Angkola, they have dinasty there
-Siraja Tanjung, some descendant went to Barus
-Ramberaja, descendant has marga Rambe, went to Barus, Dairi, Singkil, Langkat
Saribu Raja II married with boru Hasibuan, children are :
-Datu Pompang Balasaribu, descendat has marga Pasaribu, went to Sipultak
-Siraja Matondang , descendant went to Sijamapolang, Pakpak, Angkola, Kualu
-Raja Saruksuk, descendant went to Barus, Pakpak, Karo
-Raja Sitarihoran, descendant went to Barus, Silindung, Angkola, Karo, Sarinembah
-Raja Parapat, went to Parapat, Simalungun, descendant went to Toba, Silindung, Barus, Portibi Padang Lawas
+Siboru Anting Malela married with Sipagot Ni Pohan, son of Tuan Sorba Dibanua from Balige
+Siboru Panti Sabungan married with Babiat Naingol Sinaga from Parik Sabungan
Datu Pompang Balasaribu, married with boru Sihombing ,children are :
-Isangmaima, title 'Datu Pulungan Tua, descendant has marga Lubis
-Datu Rimbangsaudara, title 'Datu Marhandang Dalu' , descendant has marga Pasaribu
+Siboru Sanduduk, married with son of Babiat Naingol Sinaga
Datu Dalu married with boru Sihombing
-Saribu Raja III
-Raja Dohang or Datubara, then called Batu Bara now
Married with boru Tompul Dasopang, daughter of Raja Humbil 'Toga Gurning' who live in Lumbanggurning Uluan
Saribu Raja III married with...
-Raja Habeahan, descendant went to Barus, Haunatas, Sitoluama Parik Sabungan
-Raja Bondar, descendant went live in Sipultak
-Raja Gorat, descendant went to Sihujur, Rura Silindung, Habinsaran, Sipahutar, Dolok Sanggul
Raja Bondar married with..... , children are :
-Pangulu Raja , live in Sipultak to maintenance his ancestor graveyard
-Raja Pultak went to Bahal Batu, Pagarnisondi, Silindung Simarangkir
then to Pahae, Angkola , Pargarutan, people called him Datu Dibagona,
he united with
marga Harahap there.
-Raja Gordang live in Marsaitbosi , Huta Barat near river Situmandi
then moved to Barus, he was a datu bolon with title Datu Manomba Bisa
, his supernatural was reborn from his
ancestor Datu Marhandang Dalu , he has 2 sons , 1 daughter .
His daughter Si Tumaledung, people called her Siboru Hutahian Natumandi because she is very beutiful , kind and was born near river Situmandi
She married with Datu Mangaloksa from Gaol Uluan, children are :
- Raja Nabarat
- Raja Panggabean
- Raja Hutagalung
Pangulu Raja married with ..., children are :
-Tuan Sarangnaiborngin live in Sipultak to take care his parents, after
parents died he moved to Onan Ria, Haunatas, he was a member of council
and after independent day
-Panjimeter , live in Doloksanggul., has 3 children went to Dairi,
Alas, Gayo unity with marga he found there , the 2nd went to Karo unity
Karo-Karo Kacaribu, the 3rd went to Parik Sabungan unity with Borbor
Tuan Sarangnaiborngin married with .... , children are :
-Ompu Debata Raja
tumorang di pomparanna angka na umposo nuaeng on, pinatorang do di son
pusahapusaha na jinalo
SARANGNAIBORNGIN MULAK TU BONA PASOGIT HAUNATAS
Keturunan Datu Dalu melahirkan marga-marga berikut :
1. Pasaribu, Batubara, Habeahan, Bondar, Gorat.
2. Tinendang, Tangkar.
Keturunan Datu Pulungan melahirkan marga-marga Lubis
Siraja Lontung has 7 sons and 2 daughters:
-Tuan Situmorang descendant has marga Situmorang
branches marga are Lumban Pande, Lumban Nahor, Suhutnihuta, Siringo-ringo, Sitohang, Rumapea, Padang, Solin
-Sinaga, descendant has marga Sinaga
branches marga are Simandahali, Simanjorang, Barutu
-Pandiangan, descendat has marga Pandiangan
branches marga are Samosir, Pakpahan, Gultom, Sidari, Sitinjak, Harianja
-Toga Nainggolan, descendat has marga Nainggolan
branches marga are Rumahombar, Parhusip, Lumban
Tungkup, Lumban Siantar, Hutabalian, Lumban Raja, Pusuk, Buaton,
-Simatupang , descendat has marga Simatupang
branches marga are Togatorop, Sianturi, Siburian
-Aritonang, decendant has marga Aritonang
branches marga are Ompusunggu,Rajagukguk, Simare-mare
-Siregar, descendant has marga Siregar
branches marga are Silo, Dongaran, Silali, Siagian, Ritonga, Sormin
-Siboru Anak Pandan, married with Toga Sihombing
-Siboru Panggabean , married with Toga Simamora , those children of
Siraja Lontung called 'Lontung Si Sia Marina'
SI RAJA BORBOR
Putra kedua dari Tuan Sariburaja, dilahirkan oleh Nai
Margiring Laut. Semua keturunannya disebut Marga Borbor.
Limbong Mulana dan marga-marga keturunannya
Limbong Mulana adalah putra ketiga dari Guru Tatea
Bulan. Keturunannya bermarga Limbong yang mempunyai dua orang putra, yaitu Palu
Onggang, dan Langgat Limbong. Putra dari Langgat Limbong ada tiga orang.
Keturunan dari putranya yang kedua kemudian bermarga Sihole, dan keturunan dari
putranya yang ketiga kemudian bermarga Habeahan. Yang lainnya tetap memakai
marga induk, yaitu Limbong.
Putra keempat dari Guru Tatea Bulan. Sampai sekarang
keturunannya tetap memakai marga Sagala.
Silau Raja adalah putra kelima dari Guru Tatea Bulan
yang mempunyai empat orang putra, yaitu:
Khusus sejarah atau tarombo Ambarita Raja atau
Ambarita, memiliki dua putra:
I. Ambarita Lumban Pea
II. Ambarita Lumban Pining
Lumban Pea memiliki dua anak laki-laki
1. Ompu Mangomborlan
2. Ompu Bona Nihuta
Berhubung Ompu Mangomborlan tidak memiliki
anak/keturunan laki-laki, maka Ambarita paling sulung hingga kini adalah
turunan Ompu Bona Nihuta, yang memiliki anak laki-laki tunggal yakni Op Suhut
Ni Huta. Op Suhut Nihuta juga memiliki anak laki-laki tunggal Op Tondolnihuta.
Keturunan Op Tondol Nihuta ada empat laki-laki:
1. Op Martua Boni Raja (atau Op Mamontang Laut)
2. Op Raja Marihot
3. Op Marhajang
4. Op Rajani Umbul
Selanjutnya di bawah ini hanya dapat meneruskan tarombo
dari Op Mamontang Laut (karena keterbatasan data. Op Mamontang Laut menyeberang
dari Ambarita di Kabupaten Toba Samosir saat ini ke Sihaporas, Kecamatan
Pematang Sidamanik, Kabupaten Simalungun. Hingga tahun 2008 ini, keturunan Op
Mamontang laut sudah generasi kedelapan).
Op Mamontang Laut semula menikahi Boru Sinaga, dari
Parapat. Setelah sekian tahun berumah tangga, mereka tidka dikaruniai
keturunan, lalu kemudian menikah lagi pada boru Sitio dari Simanindo, Samosir.
Dari perkawinan kedua, lahir tiga anak laki-laki
1. Op Sohailoan menikahi Boru Sinaga bermukim di
Sihaporas Aek Batu
Keturunan Op Sohailoan saat ini antara lain Op Josep
(Pak Beluana di Palembang)
2. Op Jaipul menikahi Boru Sinaga bermukin di
Keturunan antara lain J ambarita Bekasi, dan saya
sendiri (www.domu-ambarita.blogspot.com atau email@example.com)
3. Op Sugara atau Op Ni Ujung Barita menikahi Boru
Sirait bermukim di Motung, Kabupaten Toba Samosir.
Keturunan Op Sugara antara lain penyanyi Iran Ambarita
dan Godman Ambarita
Tuan Sorimangaraja adalah putra pertama dari Raja
Isombaon. Dari ketiga putra Raja Isombaon, dialah satu-satunya yang tinggal di
Pusuk Buhit (di Tanah Batak). Istrinya ada 3 orang, yaitu :
1. Si Boru Anting Malela (Nai Rasaon), putri dari Guru
2. Si Boru Biding Laut (nai ambaton), juga putri dari
Guru Tatea Bulan.
c. Si Boru Sanggul Haomasan (nai suanon).
Si Boru Anting Malela melahirkan putra yang bernama
Tuan Sorba Djulu (Ompu Raja Nabolon), gelar Nai Ambaton.
Si Boru Biding Laut melahirkan putra yang bernama Tuan
Sorba Jae (Raja Mangarerak), gelar Nai Rasaon.
Si Boru Sanggul Haomasan melahirkan putra yang bernama
Tuan Sorbadibanua, gelar Nai Suanon.
Nai Ambaton (Tuan Sorba Djulu/Ompu Raja Nabolon)
Nama (gelar) putra sulung Tuan Sorimangaraja lahir
dari istri pertamanya yang bernama Nai Ambaton. Nama sebenarnya adalah Ompu
Raja Nabolon, tetapi sampai sekarang keturunannya bermarga Nai Ambaton menurut
nama ibu leluhurnya.
Nai Ambaton mempunyai empat orang putra, yaitu:
1. Simbolon Tua, keturunannya bermarga Simbolon.
2. Tamba Ttua, keturunannya bermarga Tamba.
3. Saragi Tua, keturunannya bermarga Saragi.
4. Munte Tua, keturunannya bermarga Munte (Munte, Nai
Munte, atau Dalimunte).
Dari keempat marga pokok tersebut, lahir marga-marga
cabang sebagai berikut (menurut buku "Tarombo Marga Ni Suku Batak"
karangan W. Hutagalung):
Lahir marga-marga Tinambunan, Tumanggor, Maharaja,
Turutan, Nahampun, Pinayungan. Juga marga-marga Berampu dan Pasi.
Lahir marga-marga Siallagan, Tomok, Sidabutar,
Sijabat, Gusar, Siadari, Sidabolak, Rumahorbo, Napitu.
Lahir marga-marga Simalango, Saing, Simarmata, Nadeak,
Lahir marga-marga Sitanggang, Manihuruk, Sidauruk,
Turnip, Sitio, Sigalingging.
Keterangan lain mengatakan bahwa Nai Ambaton mempunyai
dua orang putra, yaitu Simbolon Tua dan Sigalingging. Simbolon Tua mempunyai
lima orang putra, yaitu Simbolon, Tamba, Saragi, Munte, dan Nahampun.
Walaupun keturunan Nai Ambaton sudah terdiri dari
berpuluih-puluh marga dan sampai sekarang sudah lebih dari 20 sundut
(generasi), mereka masih mempertahankan Ruhut Bongbong, yaitu peraturan yang
melarang perkawinan antarsesama marga keturunan Nai Ambaton.
Catatan mengenai Ompu Bada, menurut buku "Tarombo
Marga Ni Suku Batak" karangan W Hutagalung, Ompu Bada tersebut adalah
keturunan Nai Ambaton pada sundut kesepuluh.
Menurut keterangan dari salah seorang keturunan Ompu
Bada (mpu bada) bermarga gajah, asal-usul dan silsilah mereka adalah sebagai
1. Ompu Bada ialah asal-usul dari marga-marga Tendang,
Banuarea, Manik, Beringin, Gajah, dan Barasa.
2. Keenam marga tersebut dinamai Sienemkodin (enem =
enam, kodin = periuk) dan nama tanah asal keturunan Empu Bada, pun dinamai
3. Ompu Bada bukan keturunan Nai Ambaton, juga bukan
keturunan si raja batak dari Pusuk Buhit.
4. Lama sebelum Si Raja Batak bermukim di Pusuk Buhit,
Ompu Bada telah ada di tanah dairi. Keturunan Ompu bada merupakan ahli-ahli
yang terampil (pawang) untuk mengambil serta mengumpulkan kapur barus yang
diekspor ke luar negeri selama berabad-abad.
5. Keturunan Ompu Bada menganut sistem kekerabatan
Dalihan Natolu seperti yang dianut oleh saudara-saudaranya dari Pusuk Buhit
yang datang ke tanah dairi dan tapanuli bagian barat.
NAI RASAON (RAJA MANGARERAK)
Nama (gelar) putra kedua dari Tuan Sorimangaraja,
lahir dari istri kedua tuan Sorimangaraja yang bernama Nai Rasaon. Nama
sebenarnya ialah Raja Mangarerak, tetapi hingga sekarang semua keturunan Raja
Mangarerak lebih sering dinamai orang Nai Rasaon.
Raja Mangarerak mempunyai dua orang putra, yaitu Raja
Mardopang dan Raja Mangatur. Ada empat marga pokok dari keturunan Raja
Menurut nama ketiga putranya, lahir marga-marga
Sitorus, Sirait, dan Butar-butar.
Menurut nama putranya, Toga Manurung, lahir marga
Manurung. Marga pane adalah marga cabang dari sitorus.
NAI SUANON (tuan sorbadibanua)
Nama (gelar) putra ketiga dari Tuan Sorimangaraja,
lahir dari istri ketiga Tuan Sorimangaraja yang bernama Nai Suanon. Nama
sebenarnya ialah Tuan Sorbadibanua, dan di kalangan keturunannya lebih sering
dinamai Ttuan Sorbadibanua.
Tuan Sorbadibanua, mempunyai dua orang istri dan
memperoleh 8 orang putra.
Dari istri pertama (putri Sariburaja):
1. Si Bagot Ni Pohan, keturunannya bermarga Pohan.
2. Si Paet Tua.
3. Si Lahi Sabungan, keturunannya bermarga Silalahi.
4. Si Raja Oloan.
5. Si Raja Huta Lima.
Dari istri kedua (Boru Sibasopaet, putri Mojopahit) :
a. Si Raja Sumba.
b. Si Raja Sobu.
c. Toga Naipospos, keturunannya bermarga Naipospos.
Keluarga Tuan Sorbadibanua bermukim di Lobu Parserahan
- Balige. Pada suatu ketika, terjadi peristiwa yang unik dalam keluarga
tersebut. Atas ramalan atau anjuran seorang datu, Tuan Sorbadibanua menyuruh kedelapan
putranya bermain perang-perangan. Tanpa sengaja, mata Si Raja huta lima terkena
oleh lembing Si Raja Sobu. Hal tersebut mengakibatkan emosi kedua istrinya
beserta putra-putra mereka masing-masing, yang tak dapat lagi diatasi oleh Tuan
Sorbadibanua. Akibatnya, istri keduanya bersama putra-putranya yang tiga orang
pindah ke Lobu Gala-gala di kaki Gunung Dolok Tolong sebelah barat.
Keturunan Tuan Sorbadibanua berkembang dengan pesat,
yang melahirkan lebih dari 100 marga hingga dewasa ini.
Keturunan Si Bagot ni pohan melahirkan marga dan marga
1. Tampubolon, Barimbing, Silaen.
2. Siahaan, Simanjuntak, Hutagaol, Nasution.
3. Panjaitan, Siagian, Silitonga, Sianipar, Pardosi.
4. Simangunsong, Marpaung, Napitupulu, Pardede.
Keturunan Si Paet Tua melahirkan marga dan marga
1. Hutahaean, Hutajulu, Aruan.
2. Sibarani, Sibuea, Sarumpaet.
3. Pangaribuan, Hutapea.
Silahi Sabungan mempunyai 2 orang istri :
II. Pinggan Matio boru Batang hari melahirkan marga
dan marga cabang berikut:
1. Ruma Singap
2. Ruma Bolon
1. Lumban Tonga
2. Lumban Dolok
3. Lumban Toruan
III. Similing-miling boru Raja Mangarerak melahirkan
marga dan marga cabang berikut:
1.SI RAJA TAMBUN :
1. Tambun Mulia
2. Tambun Saribu
3. Tambun Marbun
Keturunan Si Raja Oloan melahirkan marga dan marga
1. Naibaho, Ujung, Bintang, Manik, Angkat, Hutadiri,
2. Sihotang, Hasugian, Mataniari, Lingga.
4. Sinambela, Dairi.
5. Sihite, Sileang.
Keturunan Si Raja Huta Lima melahirkan marga dan marga
3. Pardosi, Sembiring Meliala.
Keturunan Si Raja Sumba melahirkan marga dan marga
1. Simamora, Rambe, Purba, Manalu, Debataraja,
Girsang, Tambak, Siboro.
2. Sihombing, Silaban, Lumban Toruan, Nababan,
Hutasoit, Sitindaon, Binjori.
Keturunan Si Raja Sobu melahirkan marga dan marga
2. Hasibuan, Hutabarat, Panggabean, Hutagalung,
Hutatoruan, Simorangkir, Hutapea, Lumban Tobing, Mismis.
Keturunan Toga Naipospos melahirkan marga dan marga
1. Marbun, Lumban Batu, Banjarnahor, Lumban Gaol,
Meha, Mungkur, Saraan.
2. Sibagariang, Hutauruk, Simanungkalit, Situmeang.
(Marbun marpadan dohot Sihotang, Banjar Nahor tu
Manalu, Lumban Batu tu Purba, jala Lumban Gaol tu Debata Raja. Asing sian i,
Toga Marbun dohot si Toga Sipaholon marpadan do tong) ima pomparan ni
Naipospos, Marbun dohot Sipaholon. Termasuk do marga meha ima anak ni Ompu Toga
sian Lumban Gaol Sianggasana.
DONGAN SAPADAN (TEMAN SEIKRAR, TEMAN SEJANJI)
Dalam masyarakat Batak, sering terjadi ikrar antara
suatu marga dengan marga lainnya. Ikrar tersebut pada mulanya terjadi antara
satu keluarga dengan keluarga lainnya atau antara sekelompok keluarga dengan
sekelompok keluarga lainnya yang marganya berbeda. Mereka berikrar akan memegang
teguh janji tersebut serta memesankan kepada keturunan masing-masing untuk
tetap diingat, dipatuhi, dan dilaksanakan dengan setia. Walaupun berlainan
marga, tetapi dalam setiap marga pada umumnya ditetapkan ikatan, agar kedua
belah pihak yang berikrar itu saling menganggap sebagai dongan sabutuha (teman
Konsekuensinya adalah bahwa setiap pihak yang berikrar
wajib menganggap putra dan putri dari teman ikrarnya sebagai putra dan putrinya
sendiri. Kadang-kadang ikatan kekeluargaan karena ikrar atau padan lebih erat
daripada ikatan kekeluargaan karena marga. Karena ada perumpamaan Batak
mengatakan sebagai berikut:
"Togu urat ni bulu, toguan urat ni padang;
Togu nidok ni uhum, toguan nidok ni padan"
"Teguh akar bambu, lebih teguh akar rumput
Teguh ikatan hukum, lebih teguh ikatan janji"
Masing-masing ikrar tersebut mempunyai riwayat
tersendiri. Marga-marga yang mengikat ikrar antara lain adalah:
1. Marbun dengan Sihotang
2. Panjaitan dengan Manullang
3. Tampubolon dengan Sitompul.
4. Sitorus dengan Hutajulu - Hutahaean - Aruan.
5. Nahampun dengan Situmorang.
6. Silalahi dengan Tampubolon.