Receiver of ulos
During alive a Batak person will receive 3 kinds of ulos to die . This is called ulos ‘namarsintuhu’ ( a must receive ulos ) according to dalihan na tolu “ system of social-cultural life of Batak to tied relationship in comunity and marriage : ‘somba marhula-hula ‘ must respect to family of wife , ‘elek marboru’ must concede to the female and mardongan tubu’ must becareful to the same family tree name .
First ulos received when some body was born , it si called ulos ‘parompa’ ( ulos for pickig baby ) , in the past it is called ulos ‘paralo-alo tondi’ ( to strenthening the spirit ) .
The second is ulos received when some body hold wedding ceremony for the couple it is called ulos ‘marjabu’ , ulos to enter a new family/house , now it is called ulos ‘hela’ ( ulos for the son in law ).
The third is ulos received when some body died called ulos ‘saput’ .
1. a. Ulos when born .
When baby born there are 2 important things : first is if the baby born from the oldest or not and then the second is if the baby born is the first child or not .
a. If the baby born is the first child from a father who is an oldest son so naming the parents only his father , so parents of baby calling is amani ( papa...followed by the name of first child ) and inani ( for the mother ) ... this ritual ceremony in order to remind the parents that they are already a parents has a child to concern about ...
b. If the baby born from a father who is an oldest son in his family so naming also the parents and grand parents ( papa/mama of ... and grandpa/grandma of... ( followed by the name of the baby ) .
So in calling his parents and his grandpa/grandma must be followed by the name of the baby or amani/inani....and ompuni.... )
The title of ompu( grandparents naming ) : if name preceded with article ‘si’ so the title received is from grandchild from the the oldest daughter ( usually called ompung bao ) .
If title without preceded by article ‘si’ then the grandchild was born from the odest son ( the grandparents called ompung bao ) .
In giving ulos :
First point the ‘hula-hula’ ( parents of wife ) must give 2 ulos : 1 for the baby born as ulos parompa ( for picking the baby is ulos mangiring ) then 1 for the parents of baby as ulos ’pargomgom mampe goar’ ( ulos for asking God to covering parents to be a good parents is ulos suri-suri ganjang or sitolu tuho ) .
Second point is the hula-hula’ ( parents of wife ) must give 3 ulos : 1 ulos parompa for the baby born , 1 ulos pargom-gom for the parents of baby , 1 ulos bulang-bulang for the grandparents of baby .
When giving ulos must be with umpasa and pantun ( advise and responsive sung poetry ) and pray so God bless the baby . If only giving ulos the grandparents can give ulos mangiring but if with ritual ceremony must give ulos bintang maratur .
b. Ulos when
wedding party .
In wedding ceremony the hula-hula ( parents of wife ) must give ‘ulos si totni pansa ‘ : 1. Ulos marjabu ( for the bride and groom ) 2. Ulos pasamot or pargom-gom for the parents of bride 3. Ulos pamarai is given to the oldest sibling of bride or to the sibling of his father . 4. Ulos simolohon is given to the sister of the bride , if his sister all is still single so the ulos given to the sister of his father .
Ulos tutup ni ampang ( cover of bamboo square bowl for rice container ) is received by the boru diampuan ( sihunti ampang ‘the courier of ampang’ ) only if the wedding party held in/by groom house ( dialap jual ) .
wedding party held in/by bride house (ditaruhon jual ) so ulos tutup niampang is
not given .
Seem often ulos given to the bride and groom by the relatives .
In the past there was ulos ragi-ragi nisinamot ( sharing the gift from the family of bride ) * ( In Batak tradition family of bride must give gift to the family of groom for buying her gown ang her parents and to pay, what they need during the traditional party this is called ‘sinamot’ ) , this ulos is given by the relatives who also received the gift ( sinamot ) from bride family to groom family .
In umpama or umpasa ( advise and responsive sung poetry ) like this “malo manapol ingkon mananggal’means that the Batak people doesn’t want to have debt of gratitute . But there is words ‘rambu napinudun’ the first meaning to shorten time then become screw out who is the receiver of ‘goli-goli’ from ragi-ragi of the gift from bride family to cause the improper status in relationship ( margoli-goli ) thus the common guest ( ale-ale ) with excusing to give ulos holong ( compassion ) follow blindly to give uls to the bride and groom .
How to give those ulos :
Ulos ragi hotang is given by the hula-hula directly ( mangulosi ) to the bride and groom which is called ulos ‘marjabu’ ( to enter new house/family ) .
If the family of groom is represented by the close relative so the hula-hula must give ulos to the bride and groom but if the bride parents who is represented then the ulos must given folded
Ulos pargom-gom ( for the represent parents ) is given according to common rule , in this part 2 ulos must be prepared ( ulos pasamot and pargom-gom ) .
In giving ulos must be followed by umpama ( proverb ) and umpasa ( a kind of poetry for advise and blessing ) or pantun (responsive poetry sung ) or other words for blessing .
After covering the bride and groom with ulos ( mangulosi ) then continue with giving boras sipir ni tondi ( uncooked rice for blessing ) for the bride and groom then to the guests with saying horas 3 times .
The next is giving ulos to the parents of bride or the representative of them followed with saying umpasa and pantun (advise and responsive sung poetry ) .
After that giving ulos si tot ni pansa for pamarai and simolohon usually who give this is suhut paidua or ( family of the grand mother ) .
The last is giving ulos from uncle of the bride ( brother of mother of the bride ) .
The sequence in giving ulos are :
1. The parents of the groom
2. The uncle of the groom ( brother of mother of groom ) and other uncles .
3. Aunty of the groom ( from mother ) who is called paidua ( pamarai ) .
4. Pariban is sister of the groom .
5. The parents of groom give gift for uncle of the bride ( brother of mother of bride ) from gift from the family of bride for the family groom i.e. 2/3 part from gift from family bride for groom given by family of groom and 1/3 part given by the family bride then this is called tintin marrakup .
This part done for saying gratitute and bless each other of the family for the uncle for his caring to the family .
3. 3. Ulos during the death .
Ulos also given to the death and the family who grief in order to have bless and strength for the death and family .
Ulos given according to status in comunity hierarchy and the age .
If some body die young called ‘mati hadirianna’ so ulos given to him/her is called ulos ‘parolang-olangan’ usualy from ulos parompa ( for picking baby ) , this ulos ask to God for strength and console for the family of the death .
If some body died after married ( matipul ulu , marompas tataring : broken neck , ruin furnace ) so for him ulos given is ulos ‘saput’ and his/her widow is given ulos tujung ( used hang down the head to show grief ) .
If some body who died already have grand child and all the children had married , in hierarchy status he/she called ‘saurmatua’ , If some body who died already had grand child but all children not yet got married so her/his status in adat Batak called ‘sarimatua’ , death person both in this status receive ulos panggabei ( to have love from God ) .
Ulos jugia usually given to a person who already had
grand-grandchild and or no one of his/her generation died yet ( martilaha
martua ) .
Who give ulos saput and tujung in funeral tradition ?
Who give ulos saput is uncle ( the brother of mother of the death ) , who give ulos tujung is hula-hula ( the parents from wife family )
How to give its ?
If the death is a child ( inmature or not yet married ) so no need to give ulos saput .
If a death is a married person , after the hula-hula ( the parents of the wife family ) knew about this then they prepare ulos tujung and tulang ( the uncle from brother of mother of the death ) prepare ulos saput , when give it followed with grief words ( marhabot niroha ) after a few days continued with ceremony of open the ulos tujung ( ulos that wore hang down the head to show grief is the wife/husband of the death ) , opened by hula-hula , usually done after the funeral .
In this part hula-hula prepare beras sipir nitondi ( a grip of rice placed on plate to pur to person for blessing ) , water for washing face ( aek parsuapan ) , a glass of water for drink ( aek sitio-tio : water for cleaning body who drink it ) .
This ceremony usually done in the early morning ( when the sun start to rising ) , after the hula-hula open the tujung from the widow then the widow and children wash face , so the hula-hula pour the rice over the head of the widow and the children while praying and blessing .
Giving ulos panggabei .
If a parent who already have child is died then he/she get status as sarimatua and if some bosy who died already have grandchild or grand-grandchild so she/he get status as saurmatua so all the member of hula-hula must give ulos called ulos ‘panggabei’ means the death is a lucky man and happy , to die with generation .
In funeral tradition of saurmatua usualy the family held big party such as slaughter a buffalo then hang the horn on the rof of the house .
Ulos given to the child , grandchild and grand-grandchild of the death by the hula-hula , bonatulang , bona niari , child /grandchild and grand-grandchild of hula-hula .
Who must give the ulos .
In area of Toba ( from Parapat to tarutung and Pahae ) , Simalungun and Karo who give ulos is hula-hula to the parboru ‘ the member of family who take the groom’ ( in wedding traditional party ) but in pak-pak ( Dairi ) and Mandailing it is the parboru who give ulos to hula-hula ( kalimbubu or mora ) this different doesn’t reduce meaning of ulos or mangulosi ( to put ulos on a person shoulder with blessing and praying ) .
All the traditional Batak ceremony activity base on dalihan natolu ‘ the tree of furnace stone ‘ means they must support and help each other so can cook i.e. somba marhula-hula ( respect to the member of family of wife ) , elek marboru ( conceded to the member of family who take the groom ) , manat mardongan tubu ( be careful to the same family tree name ) .
In Toba who give ulos are
1. Hula-hula ( ‘tulang’ uncle from brother of mother , parents in law , bona tulang , bonani ari and tulang rorobot ) .
2. Dongan tubu ( father , brother of father , grandparents , brother of the bride ) .
3. Pariban ( same family tree name )
*Ale-ale ( friend
) is not needed to give ulos better give present .
Foto Ulos Bintang maratur ( left and right ) .
Ulos Bintang Maratur
Bintang maratur means stars in order , parents pray to have children like stars but children are in order , cohesive and also has balance in life .This ulos has many functions in tradition :
1. Given to child when entering a new house to say thank to God as a happiness .
2. given by parent to a daughter on 7th month pregnancy and to a new baby as a hammock to hope God will give the baby sister and brother .
3. can used as scarf on shoulder .
Foto Ulos Bintangmaratur ( left and right ) . Price :
Ulos Ragi Huting
This ulos used wrap around body (Hobahoba) for girls in the past but also used by the old person as scarf on shoulder when traveling .
Foto Ulos Padang Rusa ( left and right ) , price : Rp
Ulos Sitolu Tuho Bolean
Usually used as scarf on shoulder of woman or head tie .Can
given to new baby born as Ulos Parompa ( for carrying baby ) also can
given by the parents of bride to daughter of his relative as ulos
panoropi . Called Sitolutuho because has 3 ragi/pattern in
a line , 'tuho' or 'tugal' used to holing ground for grow
the seed .
Foto Ulos Tumtuman ( left and right ) , Price :
Ulos Ragi Hotang
This ulos given to parents of bride to bridegroom as 'Ulos Hela' to inaugurate him as son in law to remind him that he is a married man then this married man can use this ulos in traditional ceremonies .
Foto Ulos Sitolu tuho ( left and right ) price : Rp
Ulos Runjat .
Usually used by the rich as ulos 'edang-edang' ( when go to ceremonial party ) . Can given to bride by uncle of bridegroom , pariban ( sister of bride who already get married ) and pamarai ( uncle from bride ) . Can given also when mangupa-upa ( praying for blessing from God ) but ussually in happy moment .
Foto Ulos Ragihuting ( left ) . Price : Ulos Sibolang Rasta pamontari . Price :
Foto Ulos ragihotang ( left ) Rp :
Foto Ulos Sibolang ( right ) Rp :
Ulos Sibolang or Sibulang
, was given as award to a person who had
performed service . Now it is also given to son in law then called Ulos
Pasamot in praying that the son in law can be a person who can
relied on . In griefing time this ulos also can be used as Tujung (
) for the widow/widowed but the darker one then called Ulos Saput and
the whiter one used in wedding party to close Ampang ( a bamboo bowl
for rice bowl ) to pray for coherent of all member of family
called as Ulos Sibolang Rasta PamontariNever used for 'Parompa' (
carrying baby ) or pangupa ( to show caring and love then ask for
blessing from God ) .
Foto Ulos Ragi Umbasang ( left ) , Price : Rp :
Ulos PinarLobu-Lobu .
Ulos Ragi Hidup
Need many people to make this ulos , 2 sides Left and right ( ambi ) made by 2 persons , head of ulos or tinorpa ( up and down ) maade by 2 persons and the middle side or body of ulos ( tor ) made by 1 person then this parts tied ( diihot ) then called Ragi Hidup . Why must be made by 5 persons ? Because this ulos must be finished at a certain time accordding t 'hatiha Batak' ( Batak Calendar ) . usually if start at 'artia' ( the first day ) then must be finished at 'Tula' ( at 20th midday ) .
The sides of this ulos has 2 sides as limit of this world , between the 2 sides there are 3 parts : 1. as body has white line called honda , 2 other sides as plae for woman and man has 3 Gorga flowers .as symbol of
'Anting-anting=glory' , 'Sigumang = diligent , fertility' 3.'Batu ni ansimun = healthy' but flowers must be situated between “ Sigumang” dengan
“Batu ni ansimun” .
This ulos the color is darker than he common ragi Hidup , usually given to son who already become some body so the son will help th family , if given to the poor or weak so they both have bless from God .
Harungguan means unity , because this ulos made by mix many pattern of ulos .
This ulos most used by pople from Muara , used by man in ceremony ulaon Harajaon and Gondang Hasuhuton , used by woman during ceremony Paniaran, marsitabolan, marsanggul bane .
Ulos Ragi Pakko and Ulos Harangan
Usually used by the rich as blanket and also used when the owner die then mixed with other ulos like Ulos ragi Pakko .
This Ulos is very expensive , often given to a son to hope in future the son being a good person , help the family and blessed by God .
This Ulos given to son or niece who is in grief for having console and strength from God and usedd as scarf during griefing time .
Foto Sadum najolo ( left )
Foto Sadum Toba ( right )
Ulos Jungkit :
This Ulos often called 'Ulos nanidondang' or 'Ulos Purada' ( diamond ) .
In the past this ulos used by the rich girl as 'hoba-hoba'9 to cover the shoulder ) or to wellcoming the important person or in wedding party .
Foto Ulos Sadum Raja-raja ( left )
Foto Sadum Nabirong ( right )
This ulos also called “ulos na so ra pipot“ . Usually kept in „parmonang-monang“ as ulos komitan ( valuable ) . Usually used by the people whom all children already get married and has grand children . The price usually same as 'sitoppi' : gold .
Foto Ulos Jugia ( left )
Jungkit ( right ) :
usually used as scarf .
Used by the Batak traditional musician
Foto Ulos pargonsi ( left ), Rp Foto Ulos Sirara ( right ) , Rp ..
Ulos Simarinjam Sisi and Ulos Sunting Miriam
Ulos Simarinjam sisi
This ulos used wrap around body with Ulos Pinunca to whom as Panjoloani ( leader ) in giving gift for the party owner in traditional ceremony .
This ulos was favourit to Sisingamangaraja ( the spiritual leader and leader of Batak people during the WW II against the Dutch .
Ulos Sunting Miriam
This ulos woven by Sunting Miriam ( wife of
Sisingamangaraja , Indonsia hero ) during became hostage of the
colonial Dutch asmemory of her suffering in war till 1935 . (
Batak saroong .
This material is strong and soft so good for hammock and cool for skirt daily .
Price Rp60.000/piece , width 1, 25m , length 2m .