OLD BATAK GIRLSFirst , I want to say thanks to expert of Etnology Dr Sandra Niessen ( Dutch ) whose brought Ulos to forum World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Geneve in order to have intelectual Property right . You can see the film with tittle :  "Rangsa ni Tonun" :  www.youtube.com/watch?v=DntmVBjf74A that to weave ulos use very deep philosophy in each details of its pattern , in each process has spiritual meaning to ask God blessing and accompanying . Sandra also agreed there is magic in each ulos .

No exact research when Batak people start to use ulos because  the orientalist who wrote  book about Batak land only start from century 17th like  sir  Thomas S.Raffles , William Marsden , van der Tuuk , etc . According to story of our ancestor Batak land was a nation before attacked by the Sriwijaya kingdom in century 10th , we have our own languange , number , law , instrument music , money , script , then in century 17th the Paderi war already made great ruin in Batak land because the people from Padang burnt out almost all housing in Batak land thus no many evidence left and they also took many girls for selling in slavery .
( Foto left ) Batak girls in century 18th , taken from Smithsonian archive , before the garment reach Batak land  .

Receiver of ulos

During alive a Batak person will receive 3 kinds of ulos to die . This is called ulos ‘namarsintuhu’ ( a must receive ulos ) according to dalihan na tolu “ system of social-cultural life of Batak to tied relationship in comunity and marriage : ‘somba marhula-hula ‘ must respect to family of wife , ‘elek marboru’ must concede to the female and mardongan tubu’  must  becareful to the same family tree name .

First ulos received when some body was born , it si called ulos ‘parompa’ ( ulos for pickig baby ) , in the past it is called ulos ‘paralo-alo tondi’ ( to strenthening the spirit ) .

The second is ulos received when some body hold wedding ceremony for the couple it is called ulos ‘marjabu’ , ulos to enter a new family/house , now it is called ulos ‘hela’ ( ulos for the son in law ). 

The third is ulos received when some body died called ulos ‘saput’ .

1.       a. Ulos when born .

When baby born there are 2 important things : first is if the baby born from the oldest or not and then the second is if the baby born is the first child or not .

a.       If the baby born is the first child from a father who is an oldest son so naming the parents only his father , so parents of baby calling is amani ( papa...followed by the name of first child )  and inani  ( for the mother )  ... this ritual ceremony in order to remind the parents that they are already a parents has a child to concern about ...

b.      If the baby born from a father who is an oldest son in his family so naming also the parents and grand parents ( papa/mama of ... and grandpa/grandma of...  ( followed by the name of the baby ) .

So in calling his parents and his grandpa/grandma must be followed by the name of the baby or amani/inani....and ompuni.... )

The title of ompu( grandparents naming ) : if name preceded with article ‘si’ so the title received is from grandchild  from the the oldest daughter  ( usually called ompung bao ) .

If title without preceded by article ‘si’ then the grandchild was born from the odest son ( the grandparents called ompung bao ) .


In giving ulos :

First point the ‘hula-hula’ ( parents of wife ) must give 2 ulos : 1 for the baby born as ulos parompa ( for picking the baby is ulos mangiring ) then 1 for the parents of baby as ulos ’pargomgom mampe goar’ ( ulos for asking God to covering parents to be a good parents is ulos suri-suri ganjang or sitolu tuho ) .

Second point is the hula-hula’ ( parents of wife ) must give 3 ulos : 1 ulos parompa for the baby born , 1 ulos pargom-gom for the parents of baby , 1 ulos bulang-bulang for the grandparents of baby .

When giving ulos must be with umpasa and pantun ( advise and responsive sung poetry ) and pray so God bless the baby . If only giving ulos the grandparents can give ulos mangiring but if with ritual ceremony must give ulos bintang maratur .


b.       Ulos when wedding party .

In wedding ceremony the hula-hula ( parents of wife )  must give ‘ulos si totni pansa ‘ : 1. Ulos marjabu ( for the bride and groom  ) 2. Ulos pasamot or pargom-gom for the parents of bride 3. Ulos pamarai is given to the oldest sibling of bride or to the sibling of his father . 4. Ulos simolohon is given to the sister of the bride , if his sister all is still single so the ulos given to the sister of his father .

Ulos tutup ni ampang ( cover of bamboo square bowl for rice container )  is received by the boru diampuan ( sihunti ampang ‘the courier of ampang’ ) only if the wedding party held in/by groom house ( dialap jual ) .

If the wedding party held in/by bride house (ditaruhon jual ) so ulos tutup niampang is not given .

Seem often ulos given to the bride and groom by the relatives .

In the past there was ulos ragi-ragi nisinamot ( sharing the gift from the family of bride ) * ( In Batak tradition family of bride must give gift to the family of groom for buying her gown ang her parents and to pay, what they need during the traditional party this is called ‘sinamot’ ) , this ulos is given by the relatives who also received the gift ( sinamot ) from bride family to groom family .

In umpama or umpasa ( advise and responsive sung poetry ) like this “malo manapol ingkon mananggal’means that the Batak people doesn’t want to have debt of gratitute . But there is words ‘rambu napinudun’ the first meaning to shorten time then become screw out who is the receiver of ‘goli-goli’ from ragi-ragi of the gift from bride family to cause the improper status in relationship ( margoli-goli ) thus the common guest ( ale-ale ) with excusing to give ulos holong ( compassion ) follow blindly to give uls to the bride and groom .


How to give those ulos :

Ulos ragi hotang is given by the hula-hula directly ( mangulosi ) to the bride and groom which is called ulos ‘marjabu’ ( to enter new house/family ) .

If the family of groom is represented by the close relative so the hula-hula must give ulos to the bride and groom but if the bride parents who is represented then the  ulos must given folded

Ulos pargom-gom ( for the represent parents ) is given according to common rule , in this part 2 ulos must be prepared ( ulos pasamot and pargom-gom ) .

In giving ulos must be followed by umpama ( proverb )  and umpasa ( a kind of poetry for advise and blessing ) or pantun (responsive poetry sung ) or other words for blessing .

After covering the bride and groom with ulos ( mangulosi ) then continue with giving boras sipir ni tondi ( uncooked rice for blessing ) for the bride and groom then to the guests with saying horas 3 times .

The next is giving ulos to the parents of bride or the representative of them followed with saying umpasa and pantun (advise and responsive sung poetry ) .

After that giving ulos si tot ni pansa for pamarai and simolohon usually who give this is suhut paidua or ( family of the grand mother ) .

The last is giving ulos from uncle of the bride ( brother of mother of the bride ) .

The sequence in giving ulos are :

1.       The parents of the groom

2.       The uncle of the groom ( brother of mother of groom ) and other uncles .

3.       Aunty of the groom ( from mother ) who is called paidua ( pamarai ) .

4.       Pariban is sister of the groom .

5.       The parents of groom give gift for uncle of the bride ( brother of mother of bride ) from gift from the family of bride for the family groom i.e. 2/3 part from gift from family bride for groom given by family of groom and 1/3 part given by  the family bride then this is called tintin marrakup .

This part done for saying gratitute and bless each other of the family for the uncle for his caring to the family .


3.      3. Ulos during the death .

Ulos also given to the death and the family who grief in order to have bless and strength for the death and family .

Ulos given according to status in comunity hierarchy and the age .

If some body die young called ‘mati hadirianna’ so ulos given to him/her is called ulos ‘parolang-olangan’ usualy from ulos parompa ( for picking baby )  ,  this ulos ask to God for strength and console for the family of the death . 

If some body died after married ( matipul ulu , marompas tataring : broken neck , ruin furnace ) so for him ulos given is ulos ‘saput’ and his/her widow is given ulos tujung ( used hang down the head to show grief )  .

If some body who died already have grand child and all the children had married , in hierarchy status he/she called ‘saurmatua’ , If  some body who died already had grand child but all children not yet got married so her/his status in adat Batak called ‘sarimatua’ , death person both in this status receive ulos panggabei ( to have love from God )  .

Ulos jugia usually given to a person who already had grand-grandchild and or no one of his/her generation died yet ( martilaha martua ) .

Who give ulos saput and tujung in funeral tradition ?

Who give ulos saput is uncle ( the brother of mother of the death ) , who give ulos tujung is hula-hula ( the parents from wife family )

How to give its ?

If the death is a child ( inmature or not yet married ) so no need to give ulos saput .

If a death is a married person , after the hula-hula ( the parents of the wife family ) knew about this then they prepare ulos tujung and tulang ( the uncle from brother of mother of the death ) prepare ulos saput , when give it followed with grief words ( marhabot niroha ) after a few days continued with ceremony of open the ulos  tujung ( ulos that wore hang down the head to show grief is the wife/husband of the death ) , opened by hula-hula , usually done after the funeral .

In this part hula-hula prepare beras sipir nitondi ( a grip of rice placed on plate to pur to person for blessing )  , water for washing face ( aek parsuapan ) , a glass of water for drink ( aek sitio-tio : water for cleaning body who drink it ) .

This ceremony usually done in the early morning ( when the sun start to rising ) , after the hula-hula open the tujung from the widow then the widow and children wash face , so the hula-hula pour the rice over the head of the widow and the children while praying and blessing .

Giving ulos panggabei .

If a parent who already have child is died then he/she get status as sarimatua and if some bosy who died already have  grandchild or grand-grandchild so she/he get status as saurmatua so all the member of hula-hula must give ulos called ulos ‘panggabei’ means the death is a lucky man and happy , to die with generation .  

In funeral tradition of saurmatua usualy the family held big party such as slaughter a buffalo then hang the horn on the rof of the house .

Ulos given to the child , grandchild and grand-grandchild of the death by the hula-hula , bonatulang , bona niari , child /grandchild and grand-grandchild of hula-hula .


Who must give the ulos .

In area of Toba (  from Parapat to tarutung and Pahae ) , Simalungun and Karo who give ulos is hula-hula to the parboru ‘ the member of family who take the groom’ ( in wedding traditional party ) but in pak-pak ( Dairi ) and Mandailing it is the parboru who give ulos to hula-hula ( kalimbubu or mora ) this different doesn’t reduce meaning of ulos or mangulosi ( to put ulos on a person shoulder with blessing and praying )  .

All the traditional Batak ceremony activity base on dalihan natolu ‘ the tree of furnace stone ‘ means they must support and help each other so can cook i.e. somba marhula-hula ( respect to the member of family of wife ) , elek marboru ( conceded to the member of family who take the groom ) , manat mardongan tubu ( be careful to the same family tree name ) .

In Toba who give ulos are

1.       Hula-hula  ( ‘tulang’ uncle from brother of mother , parents in law , bona tulang , bonani ari and tulang rorobot ) .

2.       Dongan tubu ( father , brother of father , grandparents , brother of the bride ) .

3.       Pariban ( same family tree name )

*Ale-ale ( friend ) is not needed to give ulos better give present .

PARTONUNPARTONUN NAJOLOAt the first time Ulos was made of fibre of tree skin , usually from hariara or jabi-jabi tree called 'tantan' but most of this ulos only found in Europe museum or European collector . The next made of  ponji ( cotton ) then  from silkworm fibre called 'sutra' .
We have  Ulos collections sell in order  to our email : ronauli17@yahoo.com or to our number 081973434717 , how to reach us is visit our place : http://yopnik.com/toba/LAKE%20TOBA.html
This is ancient manual tool for weaving , Price : Rp2millions .

Foto right taken from  Photo by Elio Modigliani showing the circular warp hanging in the exhibit, late 19th century, Toba Batak, The Museum of Anthropology, Florence.

USING PAROMPAOK, well  , Classifying in using Ulos are  :
1. Siabithonon (  Used around body or as saroong ) : Ulos ragidup , Sibolang , Runjat , Jobit , etc .
2. Sihadangkonon ( used on shoulder ) : Ulos Sirara , Sumbat , Bolean , Mangiring , etc .
3. Sitali-talihonon ( used as head tie or tudung ( hat  ) : Ulos Tumtuman , Mangiring , Padang Rusa , etc .
Using Ulos in daily life in the past :
If using by male ,  upper part was called 'hande-hande' , lower part was called 'singkot' , covering head was called 'tali-tali or detar ' .
If using by female lower part till chest called 'haen' , to cover shoulder called 'hoba-hoba' , if used as scarf called 'ampe-ampe' , covering head was called 'saong ' or tudung .
If female was carrying baby , ulos covering the shoulder was called 'hohop-hohop' , and ulos for carrying baby called 'parompa' .
Some only used for ritual ceremony , to tie/show love , to show respect , to bless each other , to pray to God .

Level of partonun ulos ( ulos weaver)  :
A starter to make ulos usually told to make ulos parompa ( Ulos for picking baby ) called mallage . The clever level : if partonun already able to use 7 lidi to coloring thread , usually this person already able to weave every kind of ulos .
Expert weaver can weave just with fingers of hand and foot , this is called 'panirat or parsirat ' , this person both can do martonun ulos and making the ulos carving .
bintangmaratur najolobintangmaraturRules in giving ulos :
1. Given to person or family under the structure of relationship like from a parent to child , etc .
2. Ulos which given to  must be  fit  to whom it will be given  , like  :  Ulos Ragihotang given to son in law 
3. The person who give and take ulos pray and bless each other then people say amen  but in ceremony must give with Umpasa and Umpama ( poet and advise ) then bless each other and say amen .
  Foto Ulos bintangmaratur najolo

BINTANGMARATURBINTANG MARATURUlos made of cotton thread called  “mamipis” with tool called “sorha” , done by 2 persons , one person twist the cotton , one person twist the sorha . First cotton 'dibebe' expanded to standarized the thread size then the Japanesse brought their tool and we imitated the technology so sorha can be used by 1 person
For coloring is made of Nila or Salaon ( a kind of plant )
Process of coloring :
The plants immersed ( digon-goni )  in a clay cooking pot for many days till the sap out , then squeeze and filter it , this plant produces itom ( dark color )  from old blue to dark , in other clay cooking pot called palabuan fill with rain water from a hollow of stone mixed with lime  .
Mixing this liquid with itom called manggaru . Then the thread  dip into this liquid  but first the thread must  twisted  with other thread  acccordingly .  Immersing process depend on which color to  wish  to ., this process takes many days some till one month or even a year ..
After reaching the color we wish then the thread coated with wet mudddy mixed with ash from wood cooking trash then cooked till the color look glitter  , this is called Marsigara , usually done in  the morning near the river .
Foto Ulos Bintang Maratur (left and right ) , price : Rp

bintagmaraturAfter finish this process the thread is opened then diunggas to make it strong and bright :
The thread immersed in rice porridge , then hung the roll according to its color then ready to ani ( to row the series of thread will used in weave )  .
'Gatip' ; to design and prepare all kind of thread and portion needed to weave an ulos ..      
'Tonun' is process in weaving of ulos .
Sirat is process in finishing an ulos with carve end of ulos and making the tassel .

Foto Bintang maratur NAJOLO ( up left and right ) Price : Rp

bintang maraturbintangmaraturUlos collections are :
Ulos Tumtuman
Used by  the oldest child from 
hasuhutan ( host , who run the ceremonial party  ) as head tie .Ulos Antakantak
This ulos use as scarf on shoulder ( Hande-hande ) to visit the family of deceased person  and as 'hohop-hohop' used around body when dancing traditional dance .

Foto Ulos Bintang maratur  ( left and right ) .

bintangmaraturmangiringUlos Bintang Maratur
Bintang maratur means stars in order , parents pray to have children like stars but children are in order , cohesive and also has balance in life .This ulos has many functions  in tradition :
1. Given to child when entering a new house to say thank to God as a happiness .
2. given by parent to a daughter on  7th month
pregnancy and to a new baby as a hammock to hope God will give the baby sister and brother  .
3. can used as scarf on shoulder  .

Foto Ulos Bintangmaratur ( left and right ) . Price :

lobu-lobulobu-lobuUlos Mangiring
This ulos is symbol of fertility and unity , given by parents to grand son as parompa ' ulos for carrying baby ' , used by man as 'tali-tali  or detar'  ( head tie ) and for woman as 'saong or tudung ' to cover head during the day . In 'mampe goar ' traditional ceremony baptising this ulos used as bulang-bulang , given by parents or husband to wife , if giving name for the son of oldest son must be from Ulos Bintang Maratur .

Foto Ulos Lobu-lobu ( left and right )  : price: Rp         

padangrusapadang rusaUlos Padang Rusa dan Ulos Pinan Lobu-lobu
This ulos use as scarf , belt and head tie .

Ulos Ragi Huting
This ulos used wrap around body
(Hobahoba) for girls in the past  but also used by the old person as scarf on shoulder when traveling .

Foto Ulos Padang Rusa ( left and right ) , price : Rp

tumtumantumtuman sonnariUlos Sitolu Tuho Bolean

Usually used as scarf on shoulder of woman or head tie .Can given to new baby born as Ulos Parompa ( for carrying baby ) also can given by the parents of bride to daughter of his relative as ulos panoropi . Called Sitolutuho because has 3 ragi/pattern in a line , 'tuho' or 'tugal' used  to holing ground for  grow the seed .

Foto Ulos Tumtuman ( left and right ) , Price :

sitolu tuhositolutuhoUlos Ragi Hotang

This  ulos given to parents of bride to bridegroom as 'Ulos Hela' to inaugurate him as son in law to remind him that he is a married man then this married man can use this ulos in traditional ceremonies .

Foto Ulos Sitolu tuho ( left and right )  price : Rp


Ulos Runjat .
Usually used by the rich as ulos 'edang-edang' ( when go to ceremonial party ) .  Can given  to bride by  uncle of bridegroom ,  pariban ( sister of bride who already get married ) and pamarai ( uncle from bride ) . Can given also when mangupa-upa ( praying for blessing from God ) but ussually in happy moment .

Foto Ulos Ragihuting ( left ) . Price :         Ulos Sibolang Rasta pamontari  . Price :

sibolangrastasibolangUlos Pinuncaan , Price :
This ulos consist of 5 part of ulos which united as one ulos , usually use for :
1.    griefing and happy moment , in traditional ceremony this ulos used by raja-raja adat
( tribal chief )   .
2.    common people can use this ulos during wedding party held by suhut sihabolonon/ Hasuhuton ( host ) .
3.    used during traditional party maniaparan ( ceremonial party held by wife from husband family member )  and as sash , as
'hohophohop' or wrap around shoulder by  'hasuhuton' (host ) 4.    as ulos Pasamot during wedding party given by the parents of bride called Hulahula to parents of bridegroom called Pangoli to show that they already became a family /relative  .
Foto Ulos Sibolang ( left and right ) Price : Rp

ragihotangragihotang najoloUlos Si bunga Umbasang dan Ulos Simpar
This ulos used by  married woman  as scarf on shoulder ( Hande-hande ) whom get invited in a traditiponal party just a common guest (
Panoropi ) .
Ulos Suri-suri Ganjang
Used as 'hande-hande' ( scarf on shoulder of woman ) or ampe-ampe ( to cover shoulder  of man ) when margondang ( dance traditional dancing ) and as ulos Gabe-gabe ( Ulos blessing )  which used by  parents of wife when blessing  their daughter family  .
Often used by woman as sabe-sabe , this ulos is very long so when using this on shoulder look use 2 ulos .

Foto Ulos Ragihotang najolo ( left and right ) Price : Rp

ragihotangSibolangUlos Ragi Pakko dan Ulos Harangan
This ulos used as blanket for the rich , used to cover the body of the deceased person with ulos which used ragi is called ragi Pakko because its color is dark like Pakko tree ( ancient tree ) .
Ulos Tutur-Tutur
This ulos used as 
talitali ( head tie ) and as Handehande ( to cover upper part body of man  ) given by parents to children also as Parompa( to carry new born baby )  from parent to grand child .

Foto Ulos ragihotang ( left ) Rp :
Foto Ulos Sibolang  ( right ) Rp :

ragiumbasangUlos Sibolang or Sibulang , was given as award to a person who had performed service . Now it is also given to son in law then called Ulos Pasamot in praying that the son in law can be a person  who can relied on . In griefing time this ulos also can be used as Tujung ( covering hair ) for the widow/widowed but the darker one then called Ulos Saput and the whiter one used in wedding party to close Ampang ( a bamboo bowl for rice bowl )  to pray for coherent of all member of family called as Ulos Sibolang Rasta PamontariNever used for 'Parompa' ( carrying baby ) or pangupa ( to show caring and love then ask for blessing from God ) .
Foto Ulos Ragi Umbasang ( left ) , Price : Rp :

Simparsimpar tongUlos PinarLobu-Lobu .
This ulos usually used by the people in griefing time , mostly used because often have death child  to ask console and strength from God so never given away  .  In the past this ulos given to a dauhter who was in nearly to gave birth of baby called '
giun hinarharan' to ask for strength for baby and mother ad savely .

Foto Ulos SimPar ( left and right ) , price : Rp

Suri-surisuri-suri ganjangUlos gaja-gaja .
This Ulos used by the rich woman as scarf and often used as a gift . Must order in advance because already rare to find .

Ulos Pangait Holong
This ulos given to show and tie love , usually used as scarf hang on neck .

Foto Ulos Suri-suri ganjang  ( left and right ) Price : Rp :

pakkoharanganUlos Sadum
This Ulos is colorful to show happiness , usually used to carry baby ( Panjangki or Parompa ) for the rich  , when inviting the rich ( Marontang ) this ulos used as cover of big plate to put betle nut ( pinggan godang burangir or panyurduan ) also as a gift to a friend .
Foto Ragi  Pakko ( Left ) , price : Rp
Foto Ulos Ragi Harangan , Rp

gaja-gajapinarsungsangUlos Pinarsungsang  This ulos used if in a family relationship has difficulty to call each other according to 'tutur Batak' ( Batak tradition in calling in family relationship position ) for example : before this family was the parents in law of your daughter and their family member is also the parents in law  of your son so this ulos given to the bride or as parompa ( to carry baby ) for the baby if the bride then have baby born with umpama 'poet and advice' : ' “ Rundut biur ni eme mambahen tu porngisna, masijaitan andor nigadong mambahen tu ramosna.” ; " what a mess the paddy stalk because its plentiful harvest " .
Foto Ulos gaja-gaja price : Rp                  Foto Ulos Pinarsungsang , Rp :     

sijugjung buhitgobarsilalahiUlos  Silalahi are
1. Ulos Sijungjung Buhit
This ulos mostly found in Tongging , Paropo and Silalahi Nabolak and usually used by the old man of marga Silalahi whose already has grand son andand grand son . Must order in advance .

2. Ulos gobar Silalahi
3. Ulos Simangkat-angkat

Foto Ulos Gobar Silalahi ( right )
Foto Ulos Sijungjung buhit

runjatrunjattobaUlos Runjat .
Usually used by the rich as ulos 'edang-edang' ( when go to ceremonial party ) .  Can given  to bride by  uncle of bridegroom ,  pariban ( sister of bride who already get married ) and pamarai ( uncle from bride ) .
Can given also when mangupa-upa ( praying for blessing from God ) but ussually in happy moment .

Foto Ulos Runjat ( left )  Rp
Foto Ulos Runjat Toba ( right ) Rp 

ragihidup najoloragi hidup marhondaUlos Ragi Hidup
Need many people to make this ulos , 2 sides Left and right ( ambi ) made by 2 persons , head of ulos or tinorpa ( up and down ) maade by 2 persons and the middle side or body of ulos ( tor ) made by 1 person then this parts tied ( diihot ) then called Ragi Hidup . Why must be made by 5 persons ? Because this ulos must be finished at a certain time accordding t 'hatiha Batak' ( Batak Calendar )  . usually if start at 'artia' ( the first day ) then must be finished at 'Tula'
( at 20th midday ) .

The sides of this ulos has 2 sides as limit of this world , between the 2 sides there are 3 parts : 1. as body has white line called honda , 2 other sides as plae for woman and man has 3 Gorga flowers .as symbol of

silinggomragihidup 'Anting-anting=glory' , 'Sigumang = diligent , fertility' 3.'Batu ni ansimun = healthy' but flowers must be situated between “ Sigumang” dengan “Batu ni ansimun” .
Ragidup silinggom
This ulos the color is darker than he common ragi Hidup , usually given to son who already become some body so the son will help th family , if given to the  poor or weak  so they both have bless from God .

Foto Ulos Ragi hidup najolo ( up left ) Rp
Foto Ulos Ragihidup Marhonda ( up right ) , Silinggom ( left )

harungguansimangkatangkatUlos Harungguan
Harungguan means unity , because this ulos made by mix many pattern of ulos .
This ulos most used by pople from Muara , used by man in ceremony ulaon Harajaon and Gondang Hasuhuton , used by woman during ceremony
Paniaran, marsitabolan, marsanggul bane . 

Foto Ulos Harungguan ( left ) Foto Ulos Simangkat-angkat ( right )  

pinunsaan pinunsaanUlos Ragi Pakko and Ulos Harangan
Usually used by the rich as blanket and also used when the owner die then mixed with other ulos like Ulos ragi Pakko  .

Ulos Tutur-Tutur
used by man as 'tali-tali' ( head tie ) or' hande-hande' ( upper part shirt  ) and given by parents as Parompa for the grandson .
Foto Ulos
Pinuncaan Najolo ( left )
Foto Ulos Pinuncaan ( right ) 

sadum najolosadumUlos Godang
This Ulos is very expensive , often given to a son to hope in future the son being a good person , help the family and blessed by God .

Ulos Bolean
This Ulos given to son or niece who is in grief  for having console and strength from God and usedd as scarf during griefing time .

Foto Sadum najolo ( left )
Foto Sadum Toba ( right )

sadum raja-rajaSadum nabirong Ulos Jungkit :
This Ulos often called 'Ulos nanidondang' or 'Ulos Purada' ( diamond ) .
In the past this ulos used by the rich girl as 'hoba-hoba'9 to cover the shoulder ) or to wellcoming the important person or in wedding party .

Foto Ulos Sadum Raja-raja ( left )
Foto Sadum Nabirong ( right )

jugiajungkitUlos Jugia
This ulos also called  “ulos na so ra pipot“ . Usually kept in  „parmonang-monang“ as  ulos komitan ( valuable ) . Usually used by the people whom all children  already get married and has grand children . The price usually same as 'sitoppi' : gold .

Foto Ulos Jugia ( left )                    Foto Ulos Jungkit ( right ) :

pargonsiSiraraUlos Sirara
usually used as scarf .
Ulos Pargonsi
Used by the Batak traditional musician 

Foto Ulos pargonsi ( left ), Rp             Foto Ulos Sirara ( right ) , Rp ..

simarinjam sisisunting miriamUlos Simarinjam Sisi and Ulos Sunting Miriam
Ulos Simarinjam sisi
This ulos used wrap around body with Ulos Pinunca to whom as Panjoloani ( leader )  in giving gift  for the party owner in traditional ceremony .
This ulos was favourit to Sisingamangaraja ( the spiritual leader and leader of Batak people during the WW II against the Dutch .

Ulos Sunting Miriam 

This ulos woven by Sunting Miriam ( wife of Sisingamangaraja , Indonsia hero ) during became hostage of the colonial Dutch asmemory of her suffering in war till 1935 . ( http://tangguraja.blogspot.com/2010/03/budaya-batak-toba.html )


bobo di ayunantandokBatak saroong  .
This material is strong and soft so good for hammock and cool for skirt daily .

Price Rp60.000/piece , width 1, 25m , length 2m .

this bag is made of leaf , many size :
Usually we bring this bag to party .
Sources :

Batak matrass
This matrass made of leaf , usually in the past people slept at night inside  this matrass in this with rolling it around body , it is soft and cool .
Size ;
Price Rp :